Environmental Quality Objective:
Zero Eutrophication

Nutrient levels in soil and water must not cause adverse effects on human health, the prerequisites for biological diversity or versatile land and water use.

Photo: Naturbild.

The outcome within a generation for this environmental quality objective should include the following:

Interim targets for Zero Eutrophication decided by the Parliament:

1. By 2009 an action programme in accordance with the Water Framework Directive will be in place, specifying how to achieve a good ecological status in lakes and streams, as well as coastal waters.

2. By 2010 waterborne anthropogenic emissions in Sweden of phosphorus compounds into lakes, streams and coastal waters will have diminished continuously from 1995 levels.

3. By 2010 waterborne anthropogenic nitrogen emissions in Sweden into the sea south of Åland Sea will have been reduced by 30% compared with 1995 levels, i.e. to 38,500 tonnes.

4. By 2010 ammonia emissions in Sweden will have been reduced by at least 15% compared with 1995 levels to 51,700 tonnes.

5. By 2010 emissions in Sweden of nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere will have been reduced to 148,000 tonnes.

Achievement of the interim targets will require vigorous measures, in particular in agriculture and on the part of municipalities.
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Effects of the decisions

Soil and water will be healthier, and this will benefit animals and plants. That in turn will benefit agriculture, forestry, fisheries, outdoor recreation and bathing. The measures will also reduce the adverse effects to human health, buildings and the cultural heritage.

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Contact: Roger Sedin     Date: 22 February 2002

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency