Working for



"It is clear from our Working or Water programme that we have to act decisively in controlling invasive species, if we are to avoid massive damage
President Thabo Mbeki, South Africa

1.  Mission Statement
2.  Foreword
3.  Programme Leader's Report
4.  Clearing
5.  Biological Control
6.  Education
7.  Tackling Poverty Relief
8.  The Year in Review
9.   Legislation
10. Best Management Practices Symposium
11. Partnerships
12. Santam/Cape Argus Ukuvuka Campaign
13. Provisional Financial Statement

MISSION STATEMENT inside line.jpg (86479 bytes)

The Working for Water programme will sustainably control invading alien species,
to optimise the potential use of natural resources,
through a process of economic empowerment and transformation.
In doing this, the programme will leave a legacy of social equity and legislative, institutional and technical capacity.


Through the control of invading alien plants, we shall:
  • invest in the most marginalised sectors in South Africa and enhance their quality of life through job creation;
  • restore the productive potential of the land;
  • develop economic benefits from wood, land, water and trained people;
  • enhance water security;
  • improve the ecological integrity of natural systems;


TODAY 10-20 YEARS: 20-40 YEARS:
river river2 river3


Patron: Mr Nelson Mandela


Mr Ronnie Kasrils (Chairperson)
Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry
Professor Kader Asmal
Minister of Education
Ms Thoko Didiza
Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs
Mr Alec Erwin
Minister of Trade and Industry
Mr Membathisi Mdlalana
Minister of Labour
Ms Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka
Minister of Minerals and Energy

Mr Valli Moosa
Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
Mr Sydney Mufamadi
Minister of Provincial and Local Government
Dr Ben Ngubane
Minister of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology
Ms Stella Sigcau
Minister of Public Works
Dr Zola Skweyiya
Minister of Welfare and Population Development
Dr Manto Tshabalala-Msimang
Minister of Health
Dr Guy Preston
Working for Water Programme Leader

For further information:
Private Bag X4390, Cape Town, 8000 •  TEL: (021) 405-2200 • FAX: (021) 425-7880 • Email:

FOREWORD inside line.jpg (86479 bytes)

"The Working for Water programme is the most effective and efficient poverty relief instrument of Government."
(The South African Department of Finance, May 2000)

"The Working for Water programme is the world’s leading initiative to combat invading alien plants."
(USA Secretary for the Interior, Mr Bruce Babbitt, to President Thabo Mbeki, February 2000)

These two statements are remarkable not only for their generous praise. Together they also capture the dual nature of the Working for Water programme.

  • It is a technical initiative to combat the dire threats posed by invading alien plants - threats of a magnitude that few in our country understood until the launch of the programme in 1995. These threats are not simply to our biological diversity, as is often portrayed in the literature on invasive species. These are threats of massive economic and social consequences, in terms of our water security, the productive use of land, the intensity of fires and floods, and ultimately the ecological integrity of the natural systems upon which we all finally depend.

  • It is a developmental initiative that seeks to optimise the full potential of the social interventions that the programme offers - initially in the labour-intensive nature of the work, and thereby in the training and empowerment that is then possible. Its work in addressing the social conditions that confront the poor and the marginalised in our country, is of critical importance in these still early days of democracy.

The Working for Water programme has had another remarkable year. It has maintained its record of spending virtually its entire budget within the financial year. It has reached further across line-function boundaries, in building stronger partnerships. It has slowed the relentless march of invading alien plants across our country. And it has made a genuine difference to the well-being of the lives of the most marginalised.

I would like to highlight four accomplishments:

  • The first was the Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invasive Alien Species symposium, which was held at Kirstenbosch in February 2000. Run under the auspices of the South Africa / United States of America Bi-National Commission, the symposium attracted many of the world’s leading experts on invasive species, and a full spectrum of South African stakeholders. It was a marvelous success, and I look forward to seeing the progress in international partnerships that the symposium promised.

  • The second was the launch of the Ukuvuka Campaign, begun in the wake of the devastating fires along the Table Mountain chain in January 2000. The campaign has attracted unprecedented private-sector funding (R20m from Santam, R5.4m from the Cape Argus, R5m from Nedbank and R4m from Total), and is set to become an important role-model to take forward the inspiring regulations coming out of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act.

  • The third was the programme receiving the Impumelelo Award for innovation. What is more, its offshoot initiative, the Greater Hermanus Water Conservation Programme, also received an Impumelelo Award

  • A crowning highlight was the award of the Stockholm Water Prize to my distinguished predecessor, Professor Kader Asmal. The Working for Water programme was integral to this award. Our congratulations to him.

For all the successes, there is still much to be done. I want to thank all involved, and wish them every strength in the future.

page < Minister Kasrils paid tribute to those who have died in the programme, at a tree planting ceremony in Moboloka village near Brits. signature
Ronnie Kasrils

Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry
Chairperson: Working for Water Board

Dr Guy Preston

The 1999/2000 financial year was an overall success. The quality of management in the programme continues to improve. The move to closed contracts has seen productivity being higher than it has ever been. However, three events have been of particular importance in the programme being in a position to take a massive leap forward:

  • The political and institutional support is extremely strong, bolstered by an inspiring symposium on Best Management Practices for Controlling and Preventing Invasive Alien Species.

  • The decision by the Department of Finance to increase our grant from the Poverty Relief Fund (from R120 million to R230 million, and rising in subsequent years), with the security of three-year funding, is a major boost. Equally empowering was their visionary decision to channel this funding through three core Departments: Water Affairs & Forestry, Environmental Affairs & Tourism, and Agriculture.

  • The proposed regulations under the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act will at last give the programme and its partners the necessary scope to put in place a truly integrated programme that balances incentives and disincentives.

Tragically, five people in the programme died this year. Ms Lungiswa Elefu drowned whilst crossing a flooding river. Ms Lettie Smith died after falling from a cliff. Mr Willem Basson died in a motor-vehicle accident. Mr Andre Zimmery died after being hit by a falling tree. The programme also lost one of its chief stalwarts, with the untimely death of Dr Francois van der Heyden, a scientific advisor with the CSIR. His contribution to the programme was immense. The programme offers its most sincere condolences to the next-of-kin. We say goodbye to Mr Tseko Nell and Mr Sidwell Dingela, who are moving into new ventures, and express our gratitude for all that they brought to the programme. Mr Greg Todd was dismissed.

Notwithstanding daunting challenges facing the programme’s developmental aspirations, the prospects for the Working for Water programme are excellent. With the loyalty and passion that are so evident in the programme, and with the exceptional support from Minister Ronnie Kasrils and his Board, the programme can only improve. Our thanks to all who have made this year a success.


Ms Barbie Schreiner

At the launch of National Water Week 2000 in Cape Town in March this year, President Mbeki said: "as we guard and conserve our water, as we protect it from pollution, as we work hard together to safeguard this most essential of all our national resources, we are indeed creating a better life for all. This is life in which we can breathe and eat and live by the things we make; a life in which the dream of houses without rain becomes a living reality, a life in which stories have no murderous endings and people live together in peace, proud of themselves and their environment." The Working for Water programme is part of this process of building a better life for all. It has brought dignity, hope and financial resources to impoverished communities throughout the country; it has restored pride to people who have found work on the programme, and who have used their skills to turn cut-down trees into works of art, furniture and toys.

At the same time, the Working for Water programme has raised awareness, throughout the country, of the great threat posed to our precious water resources and our environment by the spread of invasive alien plants. The people of the Working for Water programme have worked hard to combat this invasion.

As with any programme of this size and complexity, there have been problems. The management of the programme has been addressing these issues, and will continue to improve safety on the programme and to ensure e clean and accountable management of the programme at all levels.

CLEARING inside line.jpg (86479 bytes)

Highlights of the 1999/2000 financial year are as follows:

  • 92% of 1999/2000 budget of R241 million spent.
  • 20 999 people were employed during the financial year.
  • Of these, 58% are women, 23% youth and 1% disabled.
  • 95% of the budget was spent on labour-intensive clearing. Of this, 80% was task-based (ie, payment only for work completed).
  • There are 884 emerging contractors. 14% of these are collectives and 85% are run by individual entrepreneurs.
  • Of the individual entrepreneurs, 33% are women, 10% are youth, and 98% are black.
  • A total of 134 718 training days were provided. 56% of the training was targeted at women and 39% at youth.
  • The teams cleared 238 823 hectares (112 333 ha initial clearing and 121 310 ha follow-up). A further 51 081 ha were rehabilitated.



Invading alien plants are spreading and growing at an average rate of 5% per year - a doubling period of about 14 years. We already need to clear over 10 million hectares of invaded land (a land area greater than the size of KwaZulu/Natal). Over the past five years, the programme has adopted an integrated approach that combines labour, mechanical, chemical, controlled fire and biological treatment methods.

Key Challenges:

We have identified the following key challenges for the year ahead, as the programme endeavours to integrate developmental and technical priorities:

  • Establish a functioning Steering Committee for every project.
  • Ensure that all work is done on the task-based system employing emerging contractors in an intensive training programme.
  • Standardise the programme’s national clearing norms.
  • Roll out an occupational health and safety programme aimed at securing a NOSA 1-Star rating by March 2001.
  • Establish at least one project in every region as a "best practice" training project.
  • Ensure that every project has established a crèche or childcare support.
  • Initiate a comprehensive HIV/AIDs education programme in every project.
  • Begin the process that will ensure that all mapping is captured on the GIS management system within two years.
  • Focus on the contribution that biological control agents can make to the programme.

The Working for Water programme is placing special emphasis on integrated control and is investing substantially in research on biological control. The current research initiative builds on a history of biological control research that dates back to 1913, and is executed by the Plant Protection Research Institute (PPRI) of the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), and scientists at the University of Cape Town (UCT).

Historically, 103 bio-control agents have been released in South Africa against 46 weed species. Of these, 22 are now under complete or substantial bio-control. The programme has been expanded to include species, such as Australian wattles and pines from Europe and North America, historically excluded from bio-control research because of their commercial value. The total cost of the bio-control research initiative over the past 3 years was R19 million, of which the Working for Water programme invested R9 million.

With cutbacks in funding to the ARC, the Working for Water programme has increased its budget to over R7 million annually.

The species for which agents are being identified are as follows: Australian acacias; red water fern (Azolla), Mauritius thorn, triffid weed (Chromolaena), water hyacinth, Australian hakeas, lantana, cat’s claw, certain pine species, bugweed and parrot’s feather.

A key priority now is to establish greater co-ordination between researchers and those implementing bio-control initiatives in the Working for Water programme. The capacity to manage and implement bio-control initiatives in the field needs to be developed within the programme. Effective bio-control will be a key component in the sustainable management of invading alien plants.

Releasing a bugweed leaf-mining insect, Gargaphia, at a site near Sabie in Mpumalanga. This is the first such release on a species where, due to the generic similarity to commercial plants such as tomato, there have been conflicts of interests in the past.
From left, Mr Tyl Willems (Regional Leader for the Western Cape Working for Water programme), Mr Zolile Zonke from the PPRI, Dr Brian van Wilgen (CSIR’s scientific advisor to the programme), and Mr William Nkozi from the Mpumalanga Working for Water project.

A number of international experts attended a two-day workshop on bio-control held in Stellenbosch in December 1999. As keynote speaker at the workshop, Deputy Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Ms Rejoice Mabudafhasi, estimated that there could be savings to the
Working for Water programme of up to R2,8 billion over the next 20 years, should effective bio-control measures be used. Here she speaks to Mr Michael Jacobs, a disabled worker from the Kylemore Working for Water project.

The use of biological control has been very effective in the Kruger National Park with the release of cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) - one of the control agents - for Opuntia stricta (sour prickly pear).

Education is one of the keys to the long-term success of the Working for Water programme. The levels of awareness amongst landowners, nursery wholesalers and retailers, and the general public around the threats and impacts posed by invading alien plants needs to be enhanced. Responsible land management will only stem from an understanding of the severity of the impacts of invading alien plants.

One prominent educational initiative was a National Hack Day was held on March 24th. The objective of Hack Day was to mobilise communities, schools, business, labour and Government to join forces in the fight against invading alien plants, and to increase awareness around the crisis. Political leaders, celebrities and the general public were encouraged to "hack" (or pull out) weeds on this day. A Hack-Attack Pack for schools was developed, which has proved immensely popular and successful in the classroom.

It has been decided that, in keeping with our partnership with Australia and the United States, the programme will rather now follow the Australian-led concept of Weedbuster Week from October 8 - 15 each year, in an effort to heighten levels of awareness around the threats of invasive alien plants.

Specific educational drives are planned:

  • The programme is in the process of formulating a nursery accreditation initiative, whereby those nurseries not selling or propagating invading alien plants are recognised and given a "green stamp".

  • The regulations coming out through the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act (Act 43 of 1983) will be a significant educational focus for the 2000/1 financial year.

  • It is hoped that South Africa will enter into formal agreements with Australia and the United States of America to prevent invasions by one-another’s species, and that this will have a particular educational drive. The key target audiences will be those engaging in tourism and trade.

However, the major educational thrust this year will be the development of an integrated environmental education initiative in schools, the ‘Green Schools Programme,’ with strong backing from the Department of Education. This is building upon various initiatives such as the successful 20/20 Vision project on water and energy conservation, the EduPlant greening of schools, and initiatives to manage waste. It is hoped that a combined Green Schools programme will ensure that all learners are informed about the threats of invasive species, and learn to identify (and control) those that are problematic in their areas.

Minister Moosa joined 30 Working for Water workers at Zeekoievlei on World Environment Day, 5th June. Gumboots and all, he hauled out plastic and other waste from the Lotus River, one of the main tributaries draining into the vlei.

The Adopt a River / Spot Programme, a joint venture between the Working for Water programme and the Mpumalanga Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment, won the Green Trust Water Awareness Award for 2000.

Here, Regional Programme Leader in Mpumalanga, Mr Tony Poulter, receives the award.

Flood damage
The devastating floods brought a number of projects to an early closure in February and March, 2000. Due to the excessive rainfall, the regeneration rate of weeds has been accelerated, which will result in massive follow-up problems. The speed of re-growth in some areas has been unprecedented, with some species growing two metres within three months. The flood damage to infrastructure affected the productivity of projects.

Aids campaign
The programme makes every effort to support community based HIV/AIDS initiatives together with the Department of Health and other HIV/AIDS service providers. Projects throughout the country parcipitated actively in World AIDS day in December. Here, the Fynbos Working for Water project team are spreading the HIV/AIDS message as they parade through Stellenbosch.

Working for Water workers in the Gauteng project have fashioned dildos out of alien wood for use in demonstrating correct condom usage at their peer education workshops. This is indicative of the innovation and dedication to the message of HIV/AIDS education


Wetlands throughout the country are under threat from headcut erosion (erosion eating back up-river), alien invasions and canal drainage through poor farming practices. In partnership with the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism and the Rennies Wetland Project, the programme will be tackling wetland rehabilitation throughout the country. Here, rehabilitation work has been undertaken by the Rennies Wetland Project, the Mpumalanga Working for Water project and Mondi.


Secondary Industries

The programme creates secondary industry opportunities through the wood, water, productive land and trained people that it generates. Attractive rustic furniture and crafts products are made out of invading alien wood.

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Investing in the most marginalised
Forty-three year old Frida Nkosi is disabled. She is the sole breadwinner, having lost her husband in 1972. She joined the Working for Water's Masoyi Disabled Team in 1998

Rehabilitating the Jukskei River
Working for Water has recently started a project in the Jukskei River in Alexandra, Gauteng, employing 60 people. It is an area with severe levels of environmental degradation. The loss of property is one of the consequences of flood damage exacerbated by the presence of invading alien plants along the Jukskei River.

Save the Sand rehabilitation work
Working for Water workers rehabilitating the Sand River, where severe erosion has taken place.

Child-care remains a cornerstone of the programme’s commitment to social development in the communities in which it works. The Department of Welfare has added its muscle to this commitment, helping to make the programme more socially responsible.

Legislation has not been used appropriately in the control of invading alien plants in South Africa. The Working for Water programme has compounded this by effectively subsidizing those who have mismanaged their land.

Much will now change with the new regulations due to be promulgated by the Minister of Agriculture, Ms Thoko Didiza in terms of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 43 of 1983. The regulations will declare various species of plants to be "weeds" and "invader plants", and will strictly regulate the circumstances under which they may be grown. The regulations provide for powers to enter land without the permission of the landowner to clear weeds and invader plants.

The regulations will create a mechanism for preventing the sale, rezoning, subdivision or change in land-use practive of infested land. It is anticipated that certain of these powers will be delegated to Working for Water officials. The regulations will also restrict the transfer, re-zoning or subdivision of land, and departures and changes to land-use practices, unless weeds and invader plants are cleared, or financial provision is made for clearance.

The National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 101 of 1998 may be used to control the vegetation that creates a fire risk. To ensure an integrated management strategy for this vegetation, Working for Water will need to liaise with Fire Protection Associations.

Section 28 of the National Environmental Management Act 1998 authorises the Director General to issue directives to persons causing significant pollution or damage to the environment to remove the source of the pollution. These powers are likely to be supplemented by the future development of comprehensive legislation dealing with the control of alien invasive species generally.

The possibility of levying stream-flow reduction charges in terms of the National Water Act, 36 of 1998 on land owners who retain invading alien plants on their properties will need to be determined in the future.

cartoon1p10 page10
Minister Didiza’s regulations on ‘weeds and invader plants’ are among the most important in the history of the war on weeds in our country.

A symposium on the Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invading Alien Species was hosted by the Working for Water programme at the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens in Cape Town from 22-24 February, 2000. A milestone event for the emerging partnership between South Africa and the United States, the meeting also marked a commitment within the SADC countries to collaborate in this field. The importance of forging partnerships, effective communication and information-sharing between all participating nations and sectors, was a strong theme throughout the symposium.

US Secretary of the Interior, Mr Bruce Babbitt, and Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry, Mr Ronnie Kasrils, chair a session.

Many leading experts in the field participated in the meeting, including key-note speaker Dr Jeff McNeely (IUCN), most of the senior participants in the Global Invasive Species Programme, and a very strong contingent of experts from various USA institutions.

Delegates from SADC countries, the US, Australia, Norway, the United Kingdom, Germany and Switzerland attended presentations and workshops on best management practices for terrestrial and aquatic invasive species.

The symposium produced the "Kirstenbosch Declaration" - the delegates’ vision for the management of invasive species, and an eloquent call to collaborative action.

There was widespread praise for the relevance of the symposium, which certainly helped to advance the cause of programmes to control and prevent invasive species.

Section of the impressive secondary industry display at the symposium held at Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens.

The level of local and international political support at the symposium was high. From left, USA Under Secretary for Agriculture, Mr Mike Dunn, Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs, Ms Thoko Didiza, and Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Mr Valli Moosa.

As an integrated development initiative, Working for Water cannot function without the full participation of its partners. The programme is governed by a Board of twelve Ministers, the key roles of which are to establish policy and to ensure that the programme promotes inter-Departmental collaboration.

The programme has identified the critical need to address HIV/AIDS. In the year under review, 25 people were trained and a "peer-educators" programme was piloted in Mpumalanga. Condoms were distributed in every project. This, combined with our primary health-care programme, has provided an opportunity to link up with the Department of Health, whose clinics have been important partners.

Another challenge raised through our clearing programme is what is done with the biomass that is produced.

Here the Department of Trade and Industry has a critical role to play in helping us design and launch a secondary industry programme using the wood for productive purposes. The programme has joined hands with the Committee for Private/Public Partnerships under the Department and, based on its experience, has designed a Spatial Development Initiative support programme.

The programme is clearing land that could be put to more productive use. Here the lead of the Department of Agriculture is being followed. Working for Water has a joint project with Land Care, the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, and provincial and local government, through Mpumalanga, called the Save the Sand project. The private sector, in the form of the Sabi-Sand Wildtuin, has contributed R2,2 million to the project as well.

page12The Save the Sand project in the Northern Province is, together with the Ukuvuka Project along the Table Mountain chain, the most ambitious project initiated by the Working for Water programme. Minister Ronnie Kasrils led a team of high-ranking politicians to inspect the project, along with project manager Sharon Pollard (left) and project chairperson Janet Love (right).




The programme has been developing a policy position for public works programmes, in partnership with the Department of Labour and the Department of Public Works, amongst others. The Department of Labour has also partnered the programme in various youth-development initiatives.

The programme is engaged with NICRO and the Department of Welfare for the training and re-introduction into society of ex-offenders. The project has placed a total of 328 clients in six provinces. Vital child-care options for the children of workers are also being established through this partnership with the Department.

page12Ex-Offenders attending a NICRO workshop on business management.





Of particular importance has been the inspiring partnership with the National Population Unit, the United Nations Population Fund, the Planned Parenthood Association and the Compton Foundation, to address reproductive health and rights issues.

The programme completed its pioneering project with the Department of Land Affairs, ensuring that the land reform process was enhanced by clearing the affected land and offering employment opportunities to assist in the settlement of the land.

A fundamental partnership, particularly given the proposed regulation, is that with local authorities. The link with the Hermanus Municipality, for example, is one where they gain control over the problem of invading alien plants, create employment and training opportunities, and have a more sustainable water management programme. This was recognized in the partnership being given the Impumelelo Award.

Rand Water

page13Rand Water has been involved in wetland rehabilitation in the Upper Wilge River catchment. Here haybale channel plugs are used in the rehabilitation work.


Rand Water has been one of the programme’s strongest and most enduring partners. It has led the way in terms of water management institutions investing in their long-term water security, with far-sighted investments into the clearing of invading alien plants and the rehabilitation of wetlands in catchments. Their budget of R12,5 million for the past financial year has taken their commitment thus far to almost R38 million, and they have been the mainstay of the work done in the Free State, northern KwaZulu/Natal and Gauteng. We owe them a particular vote of thanks.



Homeless People’s Federation

The programme has been strengthening its links with the Homeless People’s Federation (and the People’s Dialogue NGO) around its social interventions. The Federation is particularly strong on alternative - and empowering - micro-lending options, and has had a profound impact on the thinking within the programme.

Chainsaw and Herbicide Companies

The programme owes thanks to the partnerships that have evolved with those providing equipment, such as chainsaws (Husquarna and Stihl) and herbicides. Given the dangers associated with both, their assistance in training is particularly welcomed.

Forestry Partnership

In terms of new partnership agreement with Working for Water, Sappi and Mondi, together with the Forest Owners Association, agreed to clear 80% of alien vegetation on river banks and in wetlands on their land within five years and the remaining 20% in the next 10 years. In addition to this, they will provide technical expertise and training for staff. In return, the programme will contribute R2 million to a clearing and communication programme with the two companies.

As part of the partnership, a technical advisor and mentor has been seconded to the Working for Water programme by Mondi Forests. He has initiated a self-assessment programme, and will be focusing on health and safety aspects.


A final vote of thanks must go to our foreign funders.

  • The Finnish Government extended its R14-million investment with an agreement to fund a youth project on secondary industries in Mpumalanga.
  • The Netherlands government has added to its R6 million investment in the Kruger National Park and Lake St Lucia with a R2 million youth programme through the Department of Labour.
  • The Norwegian Government’s R3 million investment in the Elim Project in the Western Cape has been particularly successful.
  • R1 million from the Canadian IDRC (International Development Research Council) funding has seen vital social and economic research being completed.
  • The USA Government has provided substantial assistance in running our Best Management Practices symposium.

Our sincere thanks to them all.

page13A group of Working for Water trainees with their instructor funded by Husqvama and Stihl and the programme. From left: Jan Olivier, Martha Matthews, Jabulani Mlangeni (instructor),Charmaine van der Vend, Rhona Scheepers, Brian Speelman, and Melakhuya Pantsi.


page14Ukuvuka has had unprecedented coverage for a conservation programme in South Africa.

In January 2000, almost 10 000 hectares along the Table Mountain chain in Cape Town were burnt in a runaway fire. Mere luck in the intensity and direction of the wind prevented this from being possibly South Africa’s most expensive fire. Far more than any other cause, the presence of invading alien plants was what fuelled the intensity of the fire.

Out of the ashes of the fire grew the Santam/Cape Argus Ukuvuka Campaign. The principal goal of the campaign is to ensure that such intense fires never occur along the Table Mountain chain again. Allied to this is the goal to undertake rehabilitation work to prevent the mudslides and flooding that will otherwise follow such intense fires. A third goal is to provide training and capacity to deal with the threat of fires, particularly in poor communities. The campaign also offers much scope for poverty-relief employment opportunities.

The Ukuvuka Board has excellent support from Mr Gerald Morkel (Premier of the Western Cape), Mr Glen Adams (MEC for Environmental and Cultural Affairs), Ms Nomaindia Mfeketo (Mayor of Cape Town), Alderman Reverend William Bantom (Metropolitan Mayor) and Alderman JO Jacobs (Mayor of the South Peninsula Municipality).

Santam, the short-term insurance giant, donated R20 million (over four years) to the campaign - one of the biggest private-sector contribution to a conservation project in the history of the country. The Cape Argus pledged R5,4 in advertising coverage, and extensive editorial coverage. Nedbank weighed in with R5 million, and Total with R4 million (with a pledge to try to make it R5 million). The Cape Metropolitan Council is to make R30 million available over the four years. This is in addition to the high investment by the Global Environmental Facility in clearing invading alien plants along the mountain chain, and the support of the Working for Water programme.

Ukuvuka is well resourced, has clear goals, and has the capacity to be a crucial showcase of what is possible. Principal in this will be its pioneering work in implementing the regulations coming out of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act.

page14Planting an indigenous sapling to mark the launch of Ukuvuka, from left kneeling: Dr. Leon Vermaak (MD of Santam), Mr Ronnie Kasrils (Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry). Standing from left are Ms Cheryl Gillwald (Deputy Minister of Justice), Mr Jonathon Molapo (Total SA), Mr Moegsien Williams, (Editor of Cape Argus), Ms Nomaindia Mfeketo (Mayor of Cape Town) and Mr Mavuso Msimang (CEO of SA National Parks).


1 APRIL1999 - 31 MARCH 2000
(reported in thousands of rands)

Poverty Relief
Dept Water Affairs & Forestry
Rand Water
Foreign Funding
Dept Land Affairs
Dept of Welfare
Private Sector


Northern Province
North-West Province
Free State
Eastern Cape
Western Cape
Northern Cape
SA National Parks
BMP Symposium


% spent

123 000
93 900
12 500
1 985
6 693
1 599
1 771

241 762

14 663
16 779
3 459
9 251
11 978
24 838
27 852
67 982
9 439
21 400
14 982

222 913

18 849

120 000
115 000
10 000
8 915
5 426

260 534

19 642
16 026
6 712
8 133
5 374
30 601
40 248
91 482
14 787
15 886

248 891

11 643

150 000
90 000
11 059

251 436

25 620
16 206
3 122
8 837
4 410
36 947
47 527
75 760
21 308
5 554

245 291

6 145

50 000
7 000
4 291
20 000
5 334

86 668

3 623
5 849
1 027
15 258
12 748
37 892
3 004

80 005

6 663

25 000
2 046

27 046

1 705
2 498
3 464
4 815
13 222

26 773


468 000
305 900
37 850
22 203
16 028
7 025
1 771
8 669

867 446

65 253
57 358
13 293
27 236
22 789
111 108
133 190
286 338
45 534
21 400
40 084

823 873

43 573

These figures do not reflect the major budget expenditures of partnership programmes, such as through the forestry industry and Cape Peninsula National Parks. The Ukuvuka Campaign will be reflected in next year’s expenditure.

1999 / 2000 expenditure was hampered by the severe flooding in February / March 2000.

These figures are still to be audited.


Professor Kadar Asmal
Minister of Education
Minister Ronnie Kasrils and Ms Rhoda Kadalie (IDASA) hand the Impumelelo Award to the Councillor Wikus Coetsee (Mayor of Hermanus).

The WfW programme has won 22 awards since it began in 1995. In 1999/2000, the programme achieved further recognition:

The inaugural Impumelelo Awards for innovation recognized the Working for Water programme (and one of its spin-off projects, the Greater Hermanus Water Conservation Project). The designers of Working for Water crafts made of alien invading wood won an FNB Vita Award in 1999. Of 300 entrants, Working for Water was a sector winner in both the Social Upliftment category (Government Sector) and the Environmental Care category (Government Sector) of the 1999 EmPower Awards. Minister Kader Asmal, under whose leadership Working for Water was begun, has been honoured with the Stockholm Water Prize for 2000 - the "Nobel Prize" for water. The Working for Water programme was a core component of his nomination.


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