Luvuvhu Catment = 5 941 km2
Mean annual precipitation (MAP) = 608 mm
Mean annual evaporation = 1 678 mm
Mean annual runoff (MAR) = 519 million cubic metres (range from 85 to
1 900 million cubic metres)
The Luvuvhu Catchment forms part of the larger Limpopo system, which
extends into Mozambique. The Luvuvhu River and some of its tributaries
(including the Mutshindudi and Mutale rivers) rise in the Soutpansberg
Mountains. The Luvuvhu River flows for about 200 km through a diverse
range of landscapes before it joins the Limpopo River near Pafuri in the
Kruger National Park.
Dams in the Luvuvhu River catchment include the Albasini Dam and the
smaller Mambedi, Tshakhuma, Damani, Vondo, and Phiphidi Dams, of which the
latter two lie in the Mutshindudi River. The Nandoni Dam is currently being
constructed in the middle section of the Luvuvhu River east of the
confluence with the Dzindi tributary and east of the town Thohoyandou.
The upper Luvuvhu, Sterkstroom, Latonyanda, Dzindi, Mukhase, Mbwedi and
Mutshindudi are steep, narrow rivers dominated by cobble
riffles and occasional pools with a few bedrock rapids. Large waterfalls
in the upper Dzindi and Mutshindudi rivers create natural reach breaks and
barriers to fish migration.
The lowveld reaches of the Luvuvhu and Mutshindudi rivers have diverse
habitats where rapids, riffles, runs and pools occur. The river channel is
incised into the landscape.
The Tshirovha and Tshiombedi tributaries to the Mutale River are steep
with both bedrock and fixed boulder rapids. Habitats in the Mutale River
are exceptionally diverse. Only two small weirs occur in the Mutale River.
Near the western Kruger National Park border, in the steep Lanner
Gorge, the Mutale River joins the Luvuvhu River.
The Luvuvhu River and all its tributaries rising in the Soutpansberg