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EVENTS - 2012

COP 18/MOP 8: 2012 UN Climate Change Conference in State of Qatar, 26 November - 7 December 2012


The Eighteenth session Conference of the Parties (COP 18) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and CMP 8 will be held in State of Qatar, from 26 November to 7 December 2012.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC) is an international treaty arising from the UN’s conference on Environment and Development. The treaty aims to stabilise greenhouse gas emissions to minimise their impact on the earth’s climate. The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the governing body of the Convention, and advances implementation of the convention through the decisions it takes at its annual meetings since 1995. In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was introduced binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

With 194 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These targets amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012. The major distinction between the Protocol and the Convention is that while the Convention encouraged industrialised countries to stabilise GHG emissions, the Protocol commits them to do so.

The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties. Under the Protocol, 37 States, consisting of highly industrialized countries and countries undergoing the process of transition to a market economy, have legally binding emission limitation and reduction commitments. The ultimate objective of both treaties is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.