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Document Provided By Document Title Document Description Document Type Views Rating Raters Download/Details/Rating
Department of Water and Sanitation Implementing a Rural Groundwater Management System Implementing a Rural Groundwater Management System - TOOLKIT for WATER SERVICES: Number 1.2 Guidelines       21       4

Department of Water and Sanitation Effective Demand for Rural Water Supply in SA Effective Demand for Rural Water Supply in South Africa - Complete Guidelines       21       8

Department of Water and Sanitation CSIR Red Book - Volume 1 Guidelines for Human Settlement Planning and Design - Volume 1 Guidelines       21       2

Department of Water and Sanitation Annex B - MIG Introductory Guideline The Municipal Infrastructure Grant Programme. An Introductory Guide. Prepared by Department of Provincial and Local Government. March 2004 Guidelines       14       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 0750 WATER RETAINING CONCRETE SPECIFICATION DWS 0750 WATER RETAINING CONCRETE Revised: April 1989 Guidelines       78       2

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1160 PVC PIPES AND FITTINGS SPECIFICATION DWS 1160 DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PRESSURE PIPES AND FITTINGS RMH/10013639.dc This specification covers the design, manufacture, construction and installation of uPVC (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) and MPVC (modified unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) pressure pipes, fittings and joints suitable for conveying natural or potable water. Clauses referring specifically to uPVC are classified as PART I and Clauses referring specifically to MPVC are classified as PART II. All other Clauses refer to both types. Guidelines       9       1

Department of Water and Sanitation DWS 9900 C1 CORROSION PROTECTION OF STEEL PIPES DWS 9900 SECTION C1 CORROSION PROTECTION OF STEEL PIPES AND SPECIALS FOR PIPELINES This document shall be read in conjunction with: DWS 2020: Quality Assurance and Procedures Annexures Requirements to be specified Departmental colour code OCTOBER 2002 Guidelines       26       2

Department of Water and Sanitation DWS 9900 C2 CORROSION PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENT STANDARD SPECIFICATION DWS 9900 SECTION C2 CORROSION PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENT FOR RESERVOIRS AND PURIFICATION WORKS This specification covers the corrosion protection of steel pipes, plant and equipment subjected to environments with variable corrosive tendencies. Steel pipes, plant and equipment shall be manufactured and corrosion protected in accordance with the requirements specified in the Project Specification. No deviation from specification will be allowed without the written consent of the Project Engineer. In the case of there being conflict between specifications, the Project Specification will take preference. This specification contains clauses that are generally applicable to the corrosion protection of steel pipes, plant and equipment. This document shall be read in conjunction with: DWS 2020: Quality Assurance and Procedures Annexures Requirements to be specified Departmental colour code OCTOBER 2002 Guidelines       18

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Department of Water and Sanitation General Technical Specifications (Electrical) General Technical Specifications (Electrical) for RDP Projects - Low Voltage Equipment Guidelines       16

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Biosand filter Bio-Sand Filtration Filter Casting Instructions This documentation is a construction guide that explains the process of building a bio-sand filter. Tools/Training/Info.       21       2

Coalition Clean Baltic Guidelines for using urine and blackwater diversion systems in single-family homes. This brochure discusses two different systems for ecological sanitation in single family homes: urine diversion and blackwater diversion. It presents practical information and technical guidelines for installing and operating the systems, as well as for using urine and blackwater in agriculture. Tools/Training/Info.       7

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CSIR Water Quality on disc (Version 1.0) A computer program on the disc designed to allow interactive access to water quality data from the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry National chemical water quality monitoring programme. The programme allows the user access to information about the water quality monitoring stations in South Africa. Tools/Training/Info.       25

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Department of Water and Sanitation A Framework for Groundwater Management of Community Water Supply Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       36       1

Department of Water and Sanitation ACCOUNTING OFFICER’S PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES This document sets out ethical and sound procurement practices to be followed by all officials involved in procuring goods and services, to ensure value for money outcomes for the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF). Tools/Training/Info.       0

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Department of Water and Sanitation BUFFERLY VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       14

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Department of Water and Sanitation Conceptual Planning and Costing of Community Water Supply Schemes Situation assessments have revealed that nearly 20 million people in South Africa do not have access to basic water supply. Many billions of Rands will be required to address this backlog. Funds and other resources are scarce and therefore it is essential that available resources are applied most beneficially. This implies that thorough regional planning is required to identify the most cost effective and sustainable water supply solutions. It is also essential that cost estimates are accurate so that budget overruns during implementation of water supply schemes are minimized. Tools/Training/Info.       3

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Department of Water and Sanitation CORROSION PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENT FOR RESERVOIRS AND PURIFICATION WORKS This specification covers the corrosion protection of steel pipes, plant and equipment subjected to environments with variable corrosive tendencies. Tools/Training/Info.       19

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Department of Water and Sanitation CORROSION PROTECTION OF STEEL PIPES AND SPECIALS FOR PIPELINES This specification covers the corrosion protection of steel pipes and specials to be used for the conveyance of potable water at ambient temperature, which may be buried or subjected to environments with variable corrosive tendencies. Tools/Training/Info.       37

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Department of Water and Sanitation Decision Making Framework for Municipalities Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       17

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Department of Water and Sanitation FLOAT/ LEVEL CONTROL VALVE STANDARD SPECIFICATION DW2510. SUPPLY OF VALVES. PARTICULAR VALVE SPECIFICATION. To be read in conjuction with project specification dws and section dws2510.01. General Technical specification. Tools/Training/Info.       49

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Department of Water and Sanitation Gate Valves To be read in conjunction with the project specification and section dws2510.01 General Technical Specification. Tools/Training/Info.       2

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Department of Water and Sanitation Geohydrological Data Access System (GDAS) Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       9       1

Department of Water and Sanitation Groundwater Monitoring for Pump Operators Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       36

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Department of Water and Sanitation GROUNDWATER PROTOCOL - VERSION 2 This document summarises the contents of the second version of the Groundwater Protocol as a practical document for easy reference and use. A fuller explanation of the background, principals, and methodologies are presented in the main document entitled “A Protocol to Manage the Potential of Groundwater Contamination From On Site Sanitation – Version 2”. Tools/Training/Info.       10

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Department of Water and Sanitation Guidelines For Protecting BoreHoles and Wells Goundwater Protection Tools/Training/Info.       13

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Department of Water and Sanitation Guidelines For Protecting Springs Protecting Groundwater - Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       49

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Department of Water and Sanitation Guidelines for Water Services Authorities The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) has produced new Water Services Development Plan (WSDP) Guidelines July 2001 to assist Water Services Authorities (WSAs) to prepare a WSDP. The new WSDP Guideline July 2001 comprises: How to use this Preparation Guide... Tools/Training/Info.       16       1

Department of Water and Sanitation Guidelines on Protection Groundwater from Contamination Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       5       1

Department of Water and Sanitation Implementing a Rural Groundwater Management System Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       5

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Department of Water and Sanitation Introductory Guide to Appropriate Solutions for Water and Sanitation This document is written primarily for Water Services Authorities, Water Services Providers and Catchment Management Agencies in order to clarify their responsibilities with respect to groundwater management for Community Water Supply Introductory Guide to Appropriate Solutions for Water and Sanitation Tools/Training/Info.       45

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Department of Water and Sanitation Involving Community members in a Hydrocensus Groundwater Protection - Toolkit for Water Services. Tools/Training/Info.       46

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Department of Water and Sanitation Minimum Standards and Guidelines For Feasibility Studies of Water Services Projects The South African Water Services Sector is rapidly expanding and changing its make-up. The challenge is diverse, including basic human and environmental needs, equitable and sustainable water resources utilization, and support to economic and social development for present and future generations. This Guide aims to support effective and integrated planning of these development goals and helps to ensure that future water services are effective, economical and sustainable. Feasibility studies are a key tool for both implementing agents and regulators to achieve these goals in a proactive and cost-effective manner. Tools/Training/Info.       47

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Department of Water and Sanitation MODEL WATER SERVICES CONTRACT: DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY AS WATER SERVICES AUTHORITY AND LOCAL MUNICIPAL The Water Services Act (No. 108 of 1997) states in Section 19(7) that the Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry may provide model contracts to be used as a guide for contracts between water services authorities and water services providers. Tools/Training/Info.       33

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Department of Water and Sanitation NON-RETURN VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       40

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Department of Water and Sanitation PRESSURE REDUCING AND SUSTAINING VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       45

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Department of Water and Sanitation RING NEEDLE VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       32

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Department of Water and Sanitation SAFETY RELIEF VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       63

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Department of Water and Sanitation SLEEVE VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       8

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Department of Water and Sanitation South African Water quality Guidelines, Vol.7. Aquatic Ecosystems The aim of the project has been to develop procedures and to derive a set of water quality criteria for safeguarding freshwater ecosystems in South Africa. An indepth process of consultation with a large number of water quality specialists, stimulated and improved the understanding of criteria development among equatic scientists and resource managers. This process established the basis for that development of the water quality guidelines contained in this volume. Tools/Training/Info.       17

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1110 - CONSTRUCTION OF PIPELINES This specification covers the construction of pressure pipelines of steel, reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fibre-cement for the conveyance of water at ambient temperatures. Tools/Training/Info.       39

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1130 - DESIGN, MANUFACTURE AND SUPPLY OF STEEL PIPES... This specification covers the design, manufacture and supply of bare, electric welded low carbon steel pipes, specials and other fittings for the conveyance of water at ambient temperatures and at medium pressures. Tools/Training/Info.       9

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1131 - LINING AND COATING OF STEEL PIPES AND SPECIALS This specification covers the internal lining of steel pipes and specials to be used for the conveyance of potable water at ambient temperatures and the external coating of steel pipes and specials which are to be buried in environments with highly variable corrosive tendencies. Tools/Training/Info.       20

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1140 - DESIGN, MANUFACTURE AND SUPPLY OF ASBESTOS-CEMENT This specification covers the design, manufacture, construction and installation of asbestos-cement pressure pipes, fittings and joints suitable for conveying natural or portable water. Tools/Training/Info.       19

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1150 - GLASS REINFORCED PLASTICS (GRP) PIPES, FITTINGS AND JOINTS This specification covers the design, manufacture, testing and construction of underground pressure pipes, fittings and joints machine made of thermosetting polyester resin reinforced with filament-wound glass fibre rovings and sand for the conveyance of potable and aggressive raw water at ambient temperatures. It is applicable to pipes and associated fittings having nominal diameters from DN 200 to DN 2 000 for use at pressures up to NP 2,5 MPa. Tools/Training/Info.       8

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1160 - DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) SPECIFICATION DWS 1160 DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PRESSURE PIPES AND FITTINGS RMH/10013639.dc This specification covers the design, manufacture, construction and installation of uPVC (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) and MPVC (modified unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) pressure pipes, fittings and joints suitable for conveying natural or potable water. Clauses referring specifically to uPVC are classified as PART I and Clauses referring specifically to MPVC are classified as PART II. All other Clauses refer to both types. Tools/Training/Info.       28

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1710 - BRICKLAYING BRICKLAYING Tools/Training/Info.       43

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1720 - PLASTERER, TILER AND FLOORER PLASTERER, TILER AND FLOORER Tools/Training/Info.       5

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1730 - GLAZING AND PAINTING This specification covers the glazing and painting of surfaces other than metal. Tools/Training/Info.       25

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1740 - PLUMBING PLUMBING Tools/Training/Info.       3

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1810 - SPECIALIST SERVICES SPECIALIST SERVICES Tools/Training/Info.       13       2

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1910 - SUPPLY, DELIVERY, INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING OF MECHANICAL AND ELECTRIC This specification covers the manufacture, supply, delivery, installation, testing and commissioning of the mechanical and electrical equipment for a rotating disc Bio-Filter water treatment plant. Tools/Training/Info.       7       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1930 - SUPPLY, INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING OF WATER TREATMENT PLANT EQUIPMENT This specification covers the supply, delivery, installation, commissioning and maintenance for a 12 month period of sedimentation units, rapid gravity filter units, chemical dosing equipment, associated pumps, pipework, valves and other ancillary equipment for the treatment of potable water. Tools/Training/Info.       1

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1940 - DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY, DELIVERY... This specification covers the design, manufacture, supply, delivery, installation, commissioning and maintenance for a 12 months and 24 months guarantee period of the package water treatment plant consisting of filter units, chemical dosing equipment, associated pumps, pipeworks, valves and other ancillary equipment for the treatment of potable water. Tools/Training/Info.       48

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 1950 - SUPPLY, INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING OF A REVERSE OSMOSIS UNIT FOR THE D This specification covers the design, manufacture, supply, delivery, installation, commissioning, maintenance for a 12-month period and execution of a five (5) year service contract of a Reverse Osmosis unit for the desalination of mineralised water, including all necessary pre-treatment equipment, pumps, pipework, valves, flowmeters and other ancillary equipment. Tools/Training/Info.       61       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 2010 - QUALITY INSPECTION SERVICES This specification deals with quality inspection services that are required for the manufacture, delivery and installation/construction of products which are and will be used in the works of the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. These inspection services include factory and field inspection services which are both covered in this specification. Tools/Training/Info.       5

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 2210 - BOUNDARY FENCING This specification covers the following: the composition and requirements of Boundary fencing which includes temporary and permanent fencing required for servitudes, farm boundaries, access roads and around Departmental structures (a) the composition and requirements of Boundary fencing which includes temporary and permanent fencing required for servitudes, farm boundaries, access roads and around Departmental structures; (b) the requirements for installing the fencing; (c) the requirements for gates for the Boundary fencing; (d) the requirements for gates for the moving of existing fences and re-erecting; (e) the erection and removal of Marker and temporary fencing; (f) the dismantling of the existing fences and the stacking and storing of fencing materials. This specification does not cover the requirements for Security fencing. Tools/Training/Info.       9       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 2410 - LANDSCAPING This specification covers the following: (a) the composition and requirements of Boundary fencing which includes temporary and permanent fencing required for servitudes, farm boundaries, access roads and around Departmental structures; (b) the requirements for installing the fencing; (c) the requirements for gates for the Boundary fencing; (d) the requirements for gates for the moving of existing fences and re-erecting; (e) the erection and removal of Marker and temporary fencing; (f) the dismantling of the existing fences and the stacking and storing of fencing materials. This specification does not cover the requirements for Security fencing. Tools/Training/Info.       55       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 2510 - SUPPLY OF VALVES AUXILIARY DRIVES To be included in the specifications if auxiliary drives are to be used. Tools/Training/Info.       13       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 2510 - SUPPY OF VALVES This section covers the specifications for the design, manufacture and supply of valves for the transportation and control for raw water. Valves should be manufactured in accordance with the appropriate valve codes and standards. Tools/Training/Info.       45       1

Department of Water and Sanitation SPHERICAL VALVES TO BE READ IN CONJUCTION WITH PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND SECTION DWS2510.01 . GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. Tools/Training/Info.       37

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Department of Water and Sanitation Standard Descriptors For Geosites Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       29

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Department of Water and Sanitation STANDARD SPECIFICATION DW2510 - SUPPLY OF VALVES PARTICULAR VALVE SPECIFICATION. AIR RELEASE AND VACUUM CONTROL VALVES. To be read in conjuction with the project specification and section 2510/01 - General Technical Specification. Tools/Training/Info.       10

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Department of Water and Sanitation STANDARD SPECIFICATION DWS 2020 - QUALITY CONTROL STANDARD SPECIFICATION DWS 2020 - QUALITY CONTROL. Tools/Training/Info.       18

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Department of Water and Sanitation Strategic Framework for Water Services. This Strategic Framework sets out the national framework for the water services sector (water supply and sanitation). The Strategic Framework will inform the development of detailed strategies to give effect to the framework. The purpose of the Strategic Framework is to put forward a vision for the water services sector in South Africa for the next ten years, and to set out the framework that will enable the sector vision to be achieved. This Strategic Framework is the umbrella framework for the water services sector. It addresses the full spectrum of water supply and sanitation services and all relevant institutions. Tools/Training/Info.       22

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Department of Water and Sanitation SusIT Sustainability Indexing Tool Software. Tools/Training/Info.       11

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Department of Water and Sanitation Sustainability Best Practices Guidelines for Rural Water Services Groundwater has historically been given limited attention, and has not been perceived as an important water resource, in South Africa. This is reflected in general statistics showing that only 13 % of the nation’s total water supply originate from groundwater. Tools/Training/Info.       3

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Department of Water and Sanitation Sustainability Indexing Tool (SusIT) - Cover Toolkit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       17

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Department of Water and Sanitation Sustainability Indexing Tool Software (SusIT) Tookit for Water Services Tools/Training/Info.       48

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Department of Water and Sanitation Technical Guidelines for the Development of Water and Sanitation Infrastructure. Version 2004 The first version of these Guidelines was issued in 1999. The original guidelines were specifically developed to give technical guidance to engineering and other experts who were responsible for developing RDP type water supply projects on behalf of the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. Tools/Training/Info.       3       6

Department of Water and Sanitation Typical Unit Costs for Water Services Development Projects The cost of water supply services infrastructure can vary significantly, with changing site conditions and the economic climate. Experience to date has also shown that cost estimates for water services development projects seldom use the same costing factors, planning norms and design criteria. This complicates the task of project managers and strategic planners. It is difficult to assess the accuracy of project business plans and the validity of project cost estimates. A Guide for Local Authorities or Local Governments. Tools/Training/Info.       13

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Department of Water and Sanitation Water Retaining Concrete This work shall consist of procuring and supplying the necessary materials, mixing and placing the concrete to the required proportions, erection and stripping of the shutters, preparing hardened and old concrete surfaces to accept fresh concrete, bending and fixing of reinforcement, stressing of prestressed concrete members, erection of precast reinforced or prestressed concrete members, curing of the concrete, repair of damaged concrete, forming of joints, finishing off of concrete surfaces after removal of the shutters, clean-up of the areas after completion of the work and all such other operations as are incidental to the concreting operations. Tools/Training/Info.       13       1

Department of Water and Sanitation Water Services Act 108 of 1997. The purpose of the act is to provide for the rights of access to basic water supply and basic sanitation; to provide for the setting of national standards and of norms and standards for tariffs; to provide for water services development plans; to provide a regulatory framework for water services institutions and water services intermediaries; to provide for the establishment and disestablishment of water boards and water services committees and their powers and duties; to provide for the monitoring of water services and intervention by the Minister or by the relevant Province; to provide for financial assistance to water services institutions; to provide for certain general powers of the Minister; to provide for the gathering of information in a national information system and the distribution of that information; to repeal certain laws; and to provide for matters connected therewith. Tools/Training/Info.       1

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Department of Water and Sanitation Census 2011 sanitation by bucket Census 2011 sanitation by bucket (formal and informal) analysis - cross referenced with Geotype (Urban/Tribal/Farms) and the type of dwelling unit - Nationally, Provincially, per District Municipality, per Local Municipality and per Ward within a local Municipality. Tools/Training/Info.       2       1

Department of Water and Sanitation 2014-06-01 StatsSA HH socio economic profile 2014-06-01 StatsSA HH socio economic profile wards_27 DMs selected Tools/Training/Info.       26

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Department of Water and Sanitation 2017-08-08 StatsSA CS2016-2011 mun services 2017-08-08 StatsSA CS2016 Census2011 trends on municipal services Tools/Training/Info.       34

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Department of Water and Sanitation 2017-08-17 StatsSA NFCofMunis 2012-2016 2017-08-17 StatsSA Non-Financial Census of Municipalities Database 2012-2016 Tools/Training/Info.       5

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Ecological Sanitation Research Guidelines for the Safe Use of Urine and Faeces in Ecological Sanitation Systems. Guidelines for the Safe Use of Urine and Faeces in Ecological Sanitation Systems. Tools/Training/Info.       3

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New South Wales Treasury Demand Management Guideline The purpose of these guidelines is to: 1) raise awareness of the connection between community needs and expectations and the subsequent delivery of services and expenditure on resources including physical assets 2) suggest ways that agencies can respond to the needs and expectations in a manner that best matches service delivery (and the relevant supporting assets) to the available resources 3) assist agencies incorporate Demand Management techniques into their asset management planning. Tools/Training/Info.       5

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Rural Water Supply Network Buyer’s - and technology selection Guide for Public Domain Handpumps for Drinking Water. This document contains information on the Public Domain Handpumps available on the market and is intended to give assistance to all those, who are evaluating or intending to procure handpumps. Tools/Training/Info.       0

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Rural Water Supply Network Handpump. This document contains information on the Public Domain Handpumps available on the market and is intended to give assistance to all those, who are evaluating or intending to procure handpumps. Tools/Training/Info.       26

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SANDEC Training Manual for SODIS Promotion This training manual for SODIS promotion intends to give a helping hand to organizations planning to promote and disseminate Solar Water Disinfection in areas where people to not have access to safe drinking water. The training manual lists up important issues to be considered during project inception, planning and implementation. In addition, the manual describes a number of training tools that have been used effectively in the process of creating awareness on the importance of disinfecting drinking water and training people in the application of SODIS. Tools/Training/Info.       42

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Stockholm Environment Institute Guidelines on the use of urine and faeces in crop production. Guidelines on the use of urine and faeces in crop production. Tools/Training/Info.       27

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Swiss Resource Centre & Consultancies for Developm Hand-dug Shallow Wells. This Manual, Volume 5 in the SKAT series on Rural Water Supply, deals with the planning, construction, management, operation and maintenance of handdug wells for water supply to communities in the South. It is intended to be used by planners, engineers and technicians in the Water Sector, with the aim of facilitating the decision on the type of technology to use in a given situation and, where relevant, to outline the implementation of that technology. It is hoped that the manual will also be useful to those involved in village liaison work, in giving an idea of the technical aspects related to improving village water supplies. Tools/Training/Info.       50

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United Nations Children's Fund A Manual on Communication for Water Supply and Environmental SanitationProgrammes. this Manual, with a focus on sound principles in programme communication, will provide guidance on how to incorporate adequate communication and behaviour change approaches in water and environmental sanitation programmes. Above all, it is a practical guide for implementing the operational strategies outlined in the Board-approved WES Strategy Paper (UNICEF Strategies in Water and Environmental Sanitation E/ICEF/95/17). As such, it is an important tool for field professionals in the implementation of UNICEF Programme Priorities, and the acceleration of progress towards the goals established at the World Summit for Children. Tools/Training/Info.       48

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United Nations Children's Fund A Water Handbook. This handbook is a practical guide for implementing the operational strategies outlined in the Board-approved WES Strategy Paper (UNICEF Strategies in Water and Environmental Sanitation - E/ICEF/95/17). As such, it is an important tool for field professionals implementation of UNICEF Programme Priorities and the acceleration of progress towards the goals established at the World Summit for Children. The Water Handbook is part of a series of modules which were written with the objective of assisting UNICEF programme and project officers in the operationalization of the new WES strategies as presented in: UNICEF Strategies in Water and Environmental Sanitation. Tools/Training/Info.       29       1

United Nations Children's Fund Manual on School Sanitation and Hygiene. This School Sanitation and Hygiene Manual is one of the Technical Guidelines Series prepared by the Water, Environment and Sanitation Section, Programme Division, UNICEF, in collaboration with the IRC. The aim of the book is not to prescribe, but to give overviews, stimulate change and provide ideas and guidance to all those who want to make schools centres of learning, practising and diffusion of good sanitation and hygiene practices for the children, their teachers and parents, and their communities at large. Tools/Training/Info.       32       2

Water Research Commission Water at Work - a career guide. This book is a guide to the many options available to anyone looking for a career path in the fascinating world of water. This book describes the wide variety of jobs to do with water, and the many career options available. It gives an overview of work opportunities in the world of water, details of more than 50 specific types of work, and summaries of many more. It also tells you where you can study further and where you can find out more. At the end there is an index. Each career description gives details about the kind of work, tasks, and responsibilities involved; the working environment you can expect; the skills, interests, and aptitudes you would need; subjects to study; and training and qualifications to pursue at different levels. It gives you an idea of who would employ you, and whom to contact for further information. Tools/Training/Info.       32

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World Health Organization Guidelines for drinking water quality, third edition, Volume 1 recommendations This revised edition includes information on application of the guidelines to several specific circumstances and is accompanied by texts dealing with some of these in greater detail. The primary purpose of these guidelines is the protection of public health. The guidelines are addressed primarily to water and health regulators, policymakers and their advisors, to assist in the development of national standards. The guidelines and associated documents are also used by many others as a source of information on water quality and health and on effective management approaches. Tools/Training/Info.       11

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World Health Organization Health aspects of plumbing. This publication describes the processes involved in the design, installation and maintenance of effective plumbing systems. It recommends a number of plumbing system design and installation specifications that have demonstrated their validity from years of experience. It also examines the microbiological, chemical, physical and financial risks associated with plumbing, outlines the major risk management approaches that are used in the plumbing industry and emphasizes the importance of measures to conserve supplies of safe drinking-water. Tools/Training/Info.       5

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World Health Organization Healthy villages: A guide for communities and community health workers This guide was developed to support the Healthy Villages approach for improving the health of rural communities. It provides local community leaders with a model of the type of information they may need to consider in their roles as current or prospective managers of a Healthy Villages project. Community leaders include not only elected officials, but also the health staff, respected elders and others who work to improve the health of rural communities. Tools/Training/Info.       7

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World Health Organization Operations and maintenance of rural water supply and sanitation systems. The aim of Operation and Maintenance (O&M) programmes, as described in this training package, is to improve the efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of water supply and sanitation services. Operation and Maintenance activities, which encompass not only technical issues, but also managerial, social, financial and institutional issues, must be directed towards the elimination or reduction of the major constraints which prevent the achievement of sustainability. Tools/Training/Info.       9       1

World Health Organization Tools for assessing the O&M status of water supply and sanitation in developing countries. This document proposes a framework for management and tools for assessing the status of operation and maintenance (O&M) through measurement and evaluation of performance. Tools/Training/Info.       57

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World Health Organization Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water: A guide to their public health consequences, monitoring and management. This book describes the present state of knowledge regarding the impact of cyanobacteria on health through the use of water. It considers aspects of risk management and details the information needed for protecting drinking water sources and recreational water bodies from the health hazards caused by cyanobacteria and their toxins. It also outlines the state of knowledge regarding the principal considerations in the design of programmes and studies for monitoring water resources and supplies and describes the approaches and procedures used. Tools/Training/Info.       28

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World Health Organization Water Pollution Control - A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles Thid document gives guidelines to the use of water quality management principles. Tools/Training/Info.       32

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World Health Organization Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition This guidebook concentrates on the process of setting up monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing a valid data base for water quality assessments. Tools/Training/Info.       12

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World Health Organization Water Quality Monitoring - A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmes This book brings together the information necessary to design and implement a water quality monitoring programme and provides a basis for water quality assessments and studies of the impact of pollution on the natural environment. It outlines general considerations related to water quality monitoring, provides a general protocol for a monitoring programme and includes such elements as staff requirements, staff training and the equipping of analytical laboratories. It also includes consideration of the problems that may be encountered when implementing programmes in remote areas and developing countries and when establishing water quality monitoring programmes from scratch. Tools/Training/Info.       32       1

A.L. Abbott & Associates (PTY) Ltd Economics & politics of water resource development This report examines the history of water resources development and investment decisions for the Uda Walawe Irrigation and Resettlement Project (UWIRP), located in the southern dry zone of Sri Lanka. Research Reports       4

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A.L. Abbott & Associates (PTY) Ltd Multiple-use water services to advance the MDGs This research report is based on the ongoing work by the action-research project “Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity.” Research Reports       10

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African Water Issues Research Unit Policy options in water-stressed states This research project investigates how certain countries have succeeded in overcoming serious water stress and studies the lessons that can be learned from their experiences. It aims to show that an effective system of thought can be constructed from the Research Reports       41

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Aguaconsult A strategy for operation and maintenance of rural water supplies, Dominican Republic The responsibility for rural water supply, operation and maintenance in the Dominican Republic is moving from the central agency to community-based water-user associations. This article describes the proposed systems and the first steps towards establishing it. Research Reports       25

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Amatola Water Economics of productive uses for water in rural areas The evidence to be presented in this report is the result of a research process undertaken by the Association for Water and Rural Development (AWARD) in 13 communities in the Bushbuckridge District (part of former Gazankulu and Lebowa homelands), Norther Research Reports       28

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Amatola Water SecureWater-Wither Poverty? Livelihoods in the DRA SecureWater research set out to examine the interpretation, application and implementation of the DRA in water supply policy and practice. Research Reports       25

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British Geological Survey The Struggle for Water:Drought, water security and rural livelihoods The overall objective of the project is to reduce the social and economic consequences of drought by providing guidance on drought vulnerability and early detection of problems and appropriate responses, particularly in relation to community water supplie Research Reports       35

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Business Partners for Development in Water and San Making Innovation work through partnerships in water and sanitation projects This study thus reviews the innovative approaches adopted by the focus projects and their achievement in comparison to the conventional services that they replaced. It examines how and why the approaches were developed, assess their potential for replica Research Reports       20

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Centre for Appropriate Technology What lies beneath: Sustainable groundwater management for communities of indigenous people. This paper examines sustainable management of groundwater resources in remote Australian Indigenous communities. It is well understood that hydrological knowledge, including a balanced water budget is essential. However, for Indigenous communities, hydrological knowledge is only one challenge to sustainable management of ground water resources. Research Reports       27

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Centre for Civil Society 'Nothing for mahala': the forced installation of p This report is dedicated to the memory of Emily Lengolo, a founding member of the Orange Farm Water Crisis Committee, who was murdered by unknown gunmen in her home on 8 February 2003. Research Reports       16

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CSIR A review of water services monitoring and evaluati A survey conducted in Eastern Cape to determine the extent to which monitoring and Evaluation of water supply and sanitation systems is taking place within the area, as well as the use of DWAF's M&E Version $. Research Reports       15

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CSIR An assessment of strategic issues in the policy fi The paper sought to present some work that is being done from a region that has has water-scarcity linitations to its future economic growth and developmental potential. The focus of the paper is on the emergence of a new set of concepts that explain powe Research Reports       19

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CSIR An assessment of strategic issues in the policy fi The paper sought to present some work that is being done from a region that has has water-scarcity linitations to its future economic growth and developmental potential. The focus of the paper is on the emergence of a new set of concepts that explain power to Research Reports       22

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CSIR Attendance of the 11th International Symposium on The paper discussed the approach followed for the establishment of the guideline. The identified regulatory contexts and the toxicity-related information requirements for each context is addressed, and the sources and resouces covered by the Act is listed Research Reports       29

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CSIR Attendance of WISA conference; with a copy of a pa The Biotoxiology Laboratory at CSIR, Pretoria provides a unique service in the field of toxicity testing using a widw variety of tests. Research Reports       26

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CSIR Cadmium in the Umtata River and the associated hea Trace levels of Cd were determined in Umtata River which may affect human health. Research Reports       28

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CSIR Development of an integrated approach using chemical, microbilogical and biotoxicological tools to establish a water quality assessment platform. The objective of the project was to establish an integrative implementation plan for the business area that woulld serve as guideline for integrated project). The report summarises the progress made during the first year of the project (planning phase). Research Reports       14

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CSIR Forest and water policies. The need to reconcile p This paper compares and contrasts some of the sciences and public perceptions of the role of forests in relation to the water environment. Research Reports       10

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CSIR Free State Water Quality Management Programme. An The report provides details of the water quality results for the year 2004 and highlights those towns which have been identified as problematic, and the progress made in addressing any identified issues of concern…. The details covered the following: drink Research Reports       8

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CSIR Free State Water Quality Management Programme. Bi The objective of the project was to assist local government to achieve effective and safe drinking-water and sanitation services delivery. Secondary objectives include growing legislative compliance and sustainability of drinking water and sanitation serv Research Reports       2

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CSIR How dangerous is the problem? - Communicating the This guideline document presents the fourth in a five-volume series aimed at addressing the question of how best South Africans can protect themselves from water-related microbial disease. It provides a framework of principles and guidelines for the commu Research Reports       44

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CSIR Municipal wastewater treatment and direct reuse in Wastewater recovery and reuse in South Africa: South Africa has a water shortage problem that can be significantly addressed through managed large-scale beneficial municipal wastewater recovery and reuse; Severe water scarcity and financial benefits are ma Research Reports       9

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CSIR People-centred approaches to water and environment This paper compares the conventional approach to sanitation which was implemented before the cholera outbreak to the accelerated approach, which evolved in the KwaZulu-Natal Province as a result of the outbreak. Research Reports       12

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CSIR Report 19C on Water and Sanitation in the former K This report investigates and monitor water quality in the reticulation network of the town. Research Reports       15

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CSIR River resources in South Africa - governance impli New South African water policy requires that rivers and other water resources be managed in a devolved fashion so that decisions around river resource allocation falls in the hands of all resource-user and interest groups in society. Research Reports       16

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CSIR Supplemental data acquisition program for Angola L The objective of water quality sampling and analysis program was to obtain a baseline against which to evaluate the expected change in water quality as a consequence of any potential salt water intrusion resulting from gredging and/or discharge as much as Research Reports       6

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CSIR Technologies for the benefit of mine water treatme This report presents the results of the neutralisation of the different acid waters using different quality limestone. Other studies discussed in this report relates to thermal studies. Research Reports       3

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CSIR The design and development of a sanitation hand wa The paper looks at hand washing behaviour in villages in two municipal areas in South Africa and shows athe technology which evolved out of the difficulties being experienced by households in the country to meet some basic hand washing requirements. Research Reports       2

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CSIR Unambiguous identification of the origin of E. col Chapter 1 of the report explains the aim of the project, namely to identify the origin and pathway of E.coli bacteria associated with the contamination of grounwater and surface water sources using the AFLP DNA fingerprinting method. The remainder of the Research Reports       28

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CSIR Understanding the sustainable management of small The report investigated a "systems thinking" approach to a better understanding of these issues and their inter-relationships in the challenging context. The emphasis of the study is mostly on sustainable management of small water treatment plants in rura Research Reports       28

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CSIR Urine Diversion in South Africa: Is this a solutio The project involves studying the social perceptions of the users of Urine Diversion Sanitation Systems in three provinces of South Africa, namely North West, KwaZulu-Natal & Northen Cape. The paper focuses on the findings of the project. Research Reports       25

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CSIR Water and health strategy. The study was underrtaken to gain a better understanding of the "health and water" concept and to expand the Water Programme's involvement in it strategically. The overall focus of the strategy is on health within the context of sustainable development. Research Reports       33

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CSIR Water and health strategy. The study was undertaken to gain a better understanding of the "health and water" concept and to expand the Water Programme's involvement in it strategically. The report includes 1) a general background on the availability of water and the impact of water Research Reports       21

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Department of Water and Sanitation AquiMon Software for groundwater management Research Reports       19

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Department of Water and Sanitation AquiMon - Software for Groundwater Management AquiMon is able to generate a number of reports designed to assist with the management of water services from groundwater schemes. Research Reports       34

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Department of Water and Sanitation ASSESSMENT OF THE REDUCTION OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THE REDUCTION OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE UNSATURATED ZONE Research Reports       18

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Department of Water and Sanitation ASSESSMENT OF THE REDUCTION OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE UNSATURATED ZONE ASSESSMENT OF THE REDUCTION OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE UNSATURATED ZONE Research Reports       23

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Department of Water and Sanitation Current Use of Urine Diversion Toilets in South Af The sanitation policy of the South African government [within a context of developmental local government agenda (DLGA) and greater milieu of community participation in the implementation of adequate sanitation] stresses that sanitation is not simply a ma Research Reports       45

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Department of Water and Sanitation Current Use of Urine Diversion Toilets in South Africa The sanitation policy of the South African government [within a context of developmental local government agenda (DLGA) and greater milieu of community participation in the implementation of adequate sanitation] stresses that sanitation is not simply a matter of providing toilets, but rather an integrated approach that encompasses financial, technical, environmental, social, economic, educational, institutional and organisational frameworks considerations developed by DPLG and other sector Departments and/or partners in the local government sector. The National White Paper on Basic Household Sanitation (DWAF 2001), Water Services Framework (DWAF 2003) and National Comprehensive Sanitation strategy (forthcoming) are based on a set of principles where sanitation is about a human right and about environment and health. Following these strategies, sanitation improvement must be demand responsive and supported by an intensive Health and Hygiene Programme, community participation, integrated planning and development, co-operative governance between spheres of government whilst at the same time promoting acceleration of delivery at local government level. Research Reports       36

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Department of Water and Sanitation POLICY FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL SERVICE PROVIDERS (PSPs) In August 1995 Interim Guidelines for the Appointment of Consultants were adopted by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF). The guidelines were introduced in line with constitutional and wider policy frameworks for public procurement management. The aim in developing the guidelines was to streamline the procedures to promote the development of emerging and previously marginalized consultants. By 2000, valuable experience had been gained and a regime of policies affecting public procurement had evolved, which necessitated the need to review the 1995 guidelines. Within this context, DWAF commissioned the review of its guidelines for the appointment of consultants. The process followed included rigorous policy research and review; interviews with other government departments and a wide stakeholder interest sector; internal mini-workshops to test and debate emerging guidelines; presentations to the DWAF for comments and inputs; editing and further reference to stakeholders and government departments Research Reports       14

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Department of Water and Sanitation S78 Assessment - Generic Terms of Reference: Scop The Municipal Systems Act 2000 (MSA) Section 77 requires municipalities to “review and decide on mechanisms to provide a municipal service”. Although not specifically stated in Section 77, the implications of Sections 77 through 81 are clear that only tho Research Reports       30

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Department of Water and Sanitation SPECIFICATION DWS 0510 - DRILLING AND GROUTING This specification deals with: a) The drilling of drainage, instrumentation and grout holes. b) The drilling of exploratory holes for the purpose of recovering cores. (c) The grouting of blanket, curtain and exploratory holes. (d) The grouting of exploratory holes and construction holes and other joints. Research Reports       22

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Department of Water and Sanitation SusIT Sustainability Indexing Tool Software. Research Reports       24

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Department of Water and Sanitation Sustainability Best Practices Guidelines for Rural Groundwater has historically been given limited attention, and has not been perceived as an important water resource, in South Africa. This is reflected in general statistics showing that only 13 % of the nation’s total water supply originate from ground Research Reports       27

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Department of Water and Sanitation Typical Unit Costs for Water Services Development The cost of water supply services infrastructure can vary significantly, with changing site conditions and the economic climate. Experience to date has also shown that cost estimates for water services development projects seldom use the same costing fact Research Reports       16

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Department of Water and Sanitation Water Supply Service Level One reason people do not pay for their water services is that the level of service available to them is not acceptable. Although government recognises the right of every South African to a basic supply of water, it does not believe that people should nec Research Reports       29

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Department of Water and Sanitation YARD TANK SYSTEM Since 1994 the South African government has defined the basic level of service to be the supply of 25 litres per capita per day within 200 metres walking distance. Implementation of this level of service has predominately consisted of schemes with consumer Research Reports       30

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Department of Water and Sanitation YARD TANK SYSTEM Since 1994 the South African government has defined the basic level of service to be the supply of 25 litres per capita per day within 200 metres walking distance. Implementation of this level of service has predominately consisted of schemes with consumer access from communal standpipes. However, there is growing concern over the sustainability of this level of service Research Reports       3

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Department of Water and Sanitation YARD TANKS DRAFT 4 (LATEST FINAL) The provision of a basic supply of water to all is government’s first priority. A basic amount is however not enough to really allow for economic development. For this a higher level of service is needed. Many consumers want a higher level of service and most give ease of access, that is the provision of an individual connection, the highest priority. Research Reports       10

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Department of Water and Sanitation NON-FINANCIAL INVESTIGATION BACKLOG ERADICATION NON-FINANCIAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE ERADICATION OF BACKLOGS WITH RESPECT TO ACCESS TO TAP WATER IN HOUSEHOLDS WITHIN THE 27 PRIORITY DMS BY 2019 THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY This PEP (Project Execution Plan) was aimed at investigating the backlog in providing the infrastructure necessary for access to water, bringing water to those who are completely unserved, and have never been served. The focus has been on the 27 rural DMs and on those with the weakest records in water services provision. Why are there still those who are unserved? Will this gap be closed in line with Government’s commitment? And if not, why not? Further to this the PEP has reviewed the nature and extent of, and reasons for, the backlog in eradication to no access – both in terms of Government’s commitment and how the backlog is defined and perceived. Measures and indicators have been examined. In addition to high level blockages a further 21 immediate blockages have been identified and are summarised below. Actions to assist in resolving these blockages are suggested and unpacked. These blockages are pertinent to all water service delivery issues, and not only the concern with no access. The PEP briefly discusses the legislative and institutional environments, takes a closer look at funding and especially the Municipal Water Infrastructure Grant (MWIG), and considers the socio-environmental-political mix in discussing water availability, sources of water and the cost of supply. Research Reports       3       2

Ecological Sanitation Research The Main Features of Ecological Sanitation The document describes the main features of ecological sanitation. Research Reports       30

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Environmental Health Project Summary Report: Combining hygiene behavior change The Initiative for Hygiene Behavior Change had three broad goals, namely, Demonstrate the impact of the hygiene behavior change activities in Hato Mayor through additional promotional activities and follow-up surveys; Institutionalize behavior change as an Research Reports       26

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Environmet Equipment PTY LTD Rota Loo Domestic: The facts This documentation discusses the Rotaloo technology. It is waterless, odourless, easy to install, easy to maintain, converts fresh waste into organic humus, approved in every state. It is one of the world’s finest composting toilets. Research Reports       52

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Global Water Partnership - Technical Advisory Comm Regulation and Private Participation in the Water The TAC has been charged with developing an analytical framework of the water sector and proposing actions that will promote sustainable water resources management. This series was created to was created to disseminate the papers written and commissioned b Research Reports       31

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Global Water Partnership - Technical Advisory Comm Regulation and Private Participation in the Water and Sanitation Sector. The TAC has been charged with developing an analytical framework of the water sector and proposing actions that will promote sustainable water resources management. This series was created to was created to disseminate the papers written and commissioned by the TAC to address the conceptual agenda. Issues and sub-issues within them, such as water for food security, privatisation, and the role of women in water management are addressed in the papers. Research Reports       46

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Green Alliance Regulating for a sustainable water sector This report outlines recommendations for reforms to the regulatory regime governing the water industry to ensure that it can contribute fully to integrated and sustainable river basin management. Research Reports       22

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Guarantee Trust Zululand cc The Enviro loo: A waterless sanitation system Dr B.E. La Trobe utilised bacterial and biological technology plus expertise gained in research and development of waste management to develop the Enviro Loo Dry Sanitation System. Widespread experience with the system in South Africa and other countries throughout the world has demonstrated that it is a cost-effective, respectable, hygienic and environmentally friendly sanitation system that satisfies the dignity of all users. Research Reports       11

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Institute of Development Studies Water Points and Water Policies: Decentralisation This paper examines the institutions governing access to borehole water in two wards in Sangwe communal area in Chiredzi District, Zimbabwe. The study examined the contrasting institutional dynamics that have evolved, particularly around borehole committee Research Reports       28

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Institute of Water and Environment, Cranfield Univ Private sector participation in low-cost water wel This report describes the activities, findings, implications, and future plans of a project, initiated by Cranfield University (Silsoe, UK). The overall aims of the project were to develop , and transfer to the private sector Cost Water Well Drilling”. Research Reports       2

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Intermediate Technology Development Group Composting toilets This technical brief describes a compost toilet that has proved to be most effective in waterlogged areas where pit-latrines and septic tanks are inappropriate. It is a simple design that does not require electricity or great investment. Built using local Research Reports       28

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Intermediate Technology Development Group Composting toilets This technical brief describes a compost toilet that has proved to be most effective in waterlogged areas where pit-latrines and septic tanks are inappropriate. It is a simple design that does not require electricity or great investment. Built using local materials, it is a selfcontained unit that produces good compost and protects the soil and water from any contamination. Research Reports       41

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International Crop Research for the Semi Arid Trop Watershed Program and People's Participation The study assessed the performance of watershed programs by employing meta analysis. Research Reports       6

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International Water Management Institute Historical Transformations of the lower Jordan This report presents a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the history of water resources mobilization and uses within the LJRB. Research Reports       17

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International Water Management Institute Water Distribution Rules and Water Distribution Pe The study explores the relationship of water distribution rules to water performance in the Tambraparani irrigation system in India. Research Reports       33

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Beyond Domestic. Case studies on poverty and produ This book brings together experiences in household-level productive use of water from practitioners and researchers around the world and across water’s sub-sectors. The focus of the papers in this book is on small-scale activities that exist at the inter Research Reports       27

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Child-Friendly Hygiene and Sanitation Facilities in Schools:Indispensable to effective hygiene education This booklet was put together with the aim to promote a creative, child-oriented linkage between hygiene promotion and the design of hygiene and sanitation facilities. Research Reports       31

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Hygiene promotion Hygiene promotion entails mainly changing hygiene behaviour and gaining the full benefit of water and sanitation improvements; and handwashing with soap can reduce the number of diarrhoea episodes by 35%. Research Reports       21

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Key Factors For Sustainable Cost Recovery in the c The report shows that there are no set formula to improve cost recovery, but rather a blend of possibilities which should be adapted to local circumstances and context. This report wishes, however, to propose that setting an appropriate strategy for cost Research Reports       49

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Key Factors For Sustainable Cost Recovery in the context of community managed water supply. The report shows that there are no set formula to improve cost recovery, but rather a blend of possibilities which should be adapted to local circumstances and context. This report wishes, however, to propose that setting an appropriate strategy for cost recovery can be seen in a wider perspective. Cost recovery should not only be seen as trying to apply a series of corrective measures for insufficient revenue collection, but rather that it is part of an integral approach which can be planned for right from the start. It relies on a series of mutually dependent factors, which have been grouped into two main chapters: 1. Planning for cost recovery; and 2. Putting cost recovery into practice. The objective of this report is to provide the reader with sufficient insight into the various factors affecting cost recovery, so that they can subsequently be discussed and tested within a project team and with communities. Research Reports       8

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Linking Water Supply and Poverty Alleviation This study shows that linking economic projects with domestic water supplies is one way to a more secure livelihood for, and better gender relations in, poor families in low rainfall areas such as Banaskhanta. Research Reports       15

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre Sanitation policies Above all, as thisThematic Overview Paper (TOP) emphasises, no sanitation policy will be effectively implemented without the full involvement and participation of stakeholders at all levels. It focuses on policies designed and implemented to effectively cl Research Reports       34

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IRC International Water and Sanitation centre School sanitation and hygiene education. Basic principles on financing and sustainability of school hygiene, sanitation and water programmes. Research Reports       42

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National Resources Institute SWELL: Guidelines for implementing a water and livelihoods planning process. These guidelines are an output of the Water, Households and Rural Livelihoods (WHiRL) project that was funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) through their Knowledge and Research programme. Research Reports       4

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop Social Issues in the provision and pricing of wate This book explores the link between social issues and the provision of water supply and sanitation services in OECD countries. The main focus of the reprt is the affordability of water services, as well as the social measures currently in placed aimed at r Research Reports       3

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop Social Issues in the provision and pricing of water services. This book explores the link between social issues and the provision of water supply and sanitation services in OECD countries. The main focus of the reprt is the affordability of water services, as well as the social measures currently in placed aimed at resolving these affordability problems. The report also examine the potential role of the private sector in incorporating the social dimension into water pricing decisions, as well as issues related to making the transition towards higher levels of access to water services. Research Reports       20

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Overseas Development Institute Implementation of Water Supply & Sanitation Progra The research addresses both policy and practice issues surrounding the implementation of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) from a water sector perspective. Research Reports       20

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Overseas Development Institute Learning for Advocacy and Good Practice - WaterAid The aim of this report is twofold. On the one hand it documents and compares the methodology and application of Water Point Mapping as used by two different WateAid Country Programmes -Malawi and Tanzania-so as to facilitate learning across the organisat   Research Reports       0

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Overseas Development Institute Livelihoods and Gender in Sanitation, Hygiene Wate The aim of this research was to achieve strategic improvements this research was to achieve strategic improvements in sanitation amongst the urban poor through promotion of more effective gender-sensitive institutional policies and project practices. Research Reports       49

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Overseas Development Institute Returning Thirsty: Water, Livelihoods and Returnee The central argument of the study is that in order to ensure effective resettlement, exploitation of water supplies - as well as the surrounding natural environment -has to be sustainable. Research Reports       16

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Overseas Development Institute SecureWater - Whither Poverty? Livelihoods in the This study sets out to examine the interpretation, application and implementation of the DRA in water supply policy and practice. The central focus of the research is on the extent to which current interpretations of ‘demand’ are cognisant of the comple Research Reports       17

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Overseas Development Institute SecureWater Through Demand Responsive Approaches. This study attempts to understand the relationship between water and livelihoods in poor communities, and DRA in rural water supply and sanitation projects. Research Reports       12

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Overseas Development Institute The dynamics of river basin cooperation: The Okava This chapter examines the Nile and Okavango basins in a comparative manner. Central issues raised include the aspect of scale, not only in terms of actual numbers, but also in terms of political complexity. Research Reports       41

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Overseas Development Institute Water and the GATS:Mapping the Trade-Development I This study highlights that the interface between GATS/free trade principles and development This project involved analysis of the potential implications for developing countries of inclusion of water services under GATS based on detailed case studies in Research Reports       40

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Palmer Development Group Dirty Water: Estimated Deaths from Water--related This paper examines different scenarios of activities in the international water arena and provides three estimates of the overall water-related mortality likely to occur over the next two decades. Research Reports       11

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Playpumps Kids play, water pumps Installed near schools, the innovative PlayPump doubles as a water pump and as a children’s merry-go-round. As children spin, water is pumped from underground into a 2,500-liter storage tank. The stored water comes out a faucet with a simple turn of a hand Research Reports       40

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Rural Water Supply Network Promoting dreams: Setting up viable Supply Chains Summary of an appraisal and impact assessment of the Government of Vietnam-IDE Hand Pump Promotion Program, funded by ICCO. Research Reports       21

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Stockholm Environment Institute A review of sanitation regulatory frameworks for S This document is about reviewal of sanitation regulatory frameworks for Sweden, Mexico, South Africa, and Uganda Research Reports       36

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United States Agency for International Development Three Community-based Environmental Sanitation The pilot projects addressed problems of water supply, hygiene education and sanitation improvement. Research Reports       13

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Water and Environmental Health at London and Lough Wastewater Treatment Options This Technical Brief reviews some of the options for wastewater treatment in low- and middle-income communities. It should be used as a guide to the main options available. Research Reports       41

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Water and Sanitation Program Development of an African Hygiene Promotion Network The network review and stakeholder study demonstrated that there is demand for an African Hygiene Promotion (AHP) Network in order to facilitate experience sharing and collaboration. However, the potential membership of an African Network is large, from international agencies to community-based promoters. Research Reports       3

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Water and Sanitation Program Lessons from small municipalities in Ecuador - Delegating water and sanitationservices to autonomous operators. This field note documents the experience of the Rural and Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Program (PRAGUAS), executed in Ecuador and financed by the World Bank. Under the PRAGUAS program, the national government offers municipalities technical assistance and financial incentives to delegate the provision of water (and sanitation) services to autonomous (public or private) operators. Research Reports       42

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Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council WSSCC Strategy 2006-2015 The document describe the Council’s strategy which is to focus strongly on sanitation and hygiene - the neglected and the most difficult part of MDG target #10, but also one that is strongly relevant to the MDGs for poverty eradication, reducing child mor Research Reports       12

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Water, Engineering and Development Centre Designing water supply and sanitation projects to This book has been written for policy makers and planners responsible for water supply and sanitation in rural and peri-urban areas. Potential readers include government staff at national, state and local levels, senior managers in non-government organis Research Reports       36

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World Health Organization Linking poverty reduction and water management. This paper analyses the relationship between water management and poverty reduction. All aspects of poverty are considered: this is reflected in the analysis of water’s potential contribution to all of the MDGs, not just those that refer explicitly to wate Research Reports       50

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World Health Organization Review of latest available evidence on risks to hu The purpose of this document is to summarize the latest available evidence on avian influenza-related risks to human health associated with water resources, water supplies and sanitation (management of human excreta). It is intended to serve as the scien Research Reports       31

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World Health Organization Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water: A guide to their pub This book describes the present state of knowledge regarding the impact of cyanobacteria on health through the use of water. It considers aspects of risk management and details the information needed for protecting drinking water sources and recreational Research Reports       44

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World Health Organization Water Recreation and disease. Plausibility of ass This publication sets out to describe the more severe waterborne diseases (and their sequelae) which may be acquired while undertaking water-based recreation in marine, freshwater, hot tubs, spas and swimming pools. Research Reports       12       1

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World Health Organization Water Safety Plans: Managing drinking-water qualit This document describes the water safety plan approach and further substantiation is provided in a set of companion volumes addressing source protection, treatment processes (at supply and household level), distribution of drinking-water and selection of p Research Reports       51       1

World Health Organization Water Safety Plans: Managing drinking-water quality from catchmentto consumer. This document describes the water safety plan approach and further substantiation is provided in a set of companion volumes addressing source protection, treatment processes (at supply and household level), distribution of drinking-water and selection of parameters and analytical methods. Research Reports       5

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World Health Organization Water Treatment and Pathogen Control: Process Effi This volume is intended to provide guidance on using risk assessment when selecting appropriate treatment processes, to ensure the production of high quality drinking-water. It is hoped that it will be useful to water utilities, water quality specialists a Research Reports       33

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World Health Organization Water Treatment and Pathogen Control: Process Efficiency in Achieving Safe Drinking Water. This volume is intended to provide guidance on using risk assessment when selecting appropriate treatment processes, to ensure the production of high quality drinking-water. It is hoped that it will be useful to water utilities, water quality specialists and design engineers. Research Reports       30

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World Health Organization Waterborne zoonoses: identification, causes and co This publication presents information on how zoonotic pathogens can be best managed at the source (i.e., through animal management practices, treatment of animal wastes, runoff management); through water treatment (wastewater and drinking-water); or throug Research Reports       24

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Environmet Equipment PTY LTD Rota Loo Domestic: The facts This documentation discusses the Rotaloo technology. It is waterless, odourless, easy to install, easy to maintain, converts fresh waste into organic humus, approved in every state. It is one of the world’s finest composting toilets. Product Documentation       32

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SolEco Africa (Pty) LTD SolEco Africa Product Brochure o SolEco’s 100% organic water treatment products have been significantly improving waste water quality for nearly 2 decades. They are natural organic products that contain no “live” organisms; are completely safe to use and do not contain Hazardous Chemicals. The essence of SolEco’s organic concentrates is based on Cell Signalling. SolEco’s experience in treating waste water is attested to in numerous industries worldwide Product Documentation       24

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SolEco Africa (Pty) LTD SolEco Products Overview o SolEco’s 100% Organic water treatment products allows users to delay or avoid costly capital works programmes. They allow for efficient re-use of water: They are natural organic products that contains no “live” organisms; are completely safe to use and are not Hazardous Chemicals. These organic concentrates have been cleared by United States Customs for entry to the U.S.A. and by the U.S. Coast Guard for discharge into U.S. ports and harbours. Solutek, SolEco’s flagship product, is well proven and has been in use in Australia and New Zealand for more than 18 years. Product Documentation       8

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Department of Water and Sanitation National Water Resource Strategy The First Edition of the National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS) describes how the water resources of South Africa will be protected, used, developed, conserved, managed and controlled in accordance with the requirements of the policy and law. The central objective of managing water resources is to ensure that water is used to support equitable and sustainable social and economic transformation and development. Strategies       16

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Department of Water and Sanitation Policy and Strategy for Groundwater quality management in SA The strategy provides the framework within which detailed management procedures can be developed and implemented and addresses the following key aspects: broad d functional strategies; institutional arrangements for groundwater quality management; and requirements for enabling implementation of the strategy. Strategies       14

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Department of Water and Sanitation White paper on basic household sanitation. The purpose of this policy document is to: highlight the impact of poor sanitation on health, living conditions and the environment; articulate government policies on sanitation; provide a basis for the formulation of local, provincial and national sanitation improvement strategies aimed at addressing the backlog; provide a framework for municipality driven implementation programmes;promote greater coherence and co-ordination amongst the different spheres of government and amongst other role players in addressing the sanitation problem; ensure that sanitation improvement programmes are adequately funded; andput in place mechanisms to monitor the implementation of this policy and sanitation improvement programmes so that corrective action can be taken when necessary. Strategies       30

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Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council WSSCC Strategy 2006-2015 The document describe the Council’s strategy which is to focus strongly on sanitation and hygiene - the neglected and the most difficult part of MDG target #10, but also one that is strongly relevant to the MDGs for poverty eradication, reducing child mortality, achieving gender parity in schools,reducing diseases and improving maternal health in an integrated fashion. Strategies       25

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