SA Flag

WATER SERVICES
TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE CENTRE

Acronymns and Abbreviations

 

AEC

Alternative Ecological Category

AG

Auditor-General

AgricWC

Western Cape Agriculture

AWARD

Association for Water & Rural Development

APP

Annual Performance Plan

ARC

Agricultural Research Council

ARC-ISCW

Institute for Soil, Climate and water

AWP

Area Wide Planning

BBOP

Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme

BBR

Bushbuck Ridge

BD

Biodiversity

BGIS

Biodiversity-GIS (website bgis.sanbi.org/)

BSP

South African national Parks: Biodiversity Social Projects

BMP-E

Biodiversity Management Plans for Ecosystems

BMP-S

Biodiversity Management Plans for Species

BSSA

Biodiversity Stewardship South Africa

Cabcom

Cabinet Committee

CARA

Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act

CBA

Critical Biodiversity Area

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CBNRM

Community Based Natural Resource Management

CC

Climate Change

CCAW

Consultative Committee on Agricultural Water

CDM

Capricorn District Municipality

CFO

Chief Financial Officer

C-Plan

Conservation plan

CLSI

Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute

CMA

Catchment Management Agency

CMC

Core Management Competency

CMF

Catchment Management Forums

CMS

Catchment Management Strategy

CoP

Conference of the Parties

COGTA

Department of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs

CPIX

Consumer Price Index

CRDP

Comprehensive Rural Development Programme

CSIR

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

CSP

Community, Social and Personal service

CUMICS

Cubic meters per second

CPA

Communal Property Association

DAC

District Assessment Committee

DAFF

Department of Forestry and Fisheries

DARDLA

Department of Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Administration

DBC

Departmental Budget Committee

DBSA

Development Bank of South Africa

DC

District Committee

DCC

District Coordinating Committee

DCS

Department of Community Safety

DDG

Deputy Director-General

DEA

Department of Environmental Affairs

DEADP

Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning

DEAT

Department of Economic Development and Tourism

DEAT

Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

DEDAT

Department of Economic Development and Tourism

DESP

Departmental Equitable Share Project

DFI

Departmental Financial Instructions

DFPT

Deciduous Fruit Producers' Trust

DG

Director-General

DLA

Department of Land Affairs (National)

DLGH

Department of Local Government and Housing

DM

District municipulity

DME

Department of Minerals and Energy

DMI

Dry matter intake

DMR

Department of Minerals and Resources

DoA

Department of Agriculture

DoE

Department of Education

DoH

Department of Health

DOH

Department of Housing

DoL

Department of Labour

DORA

Division of Revenue Act

DOR

Bill Division of Revenue Bill

DPSA

Department of Public Service and Administration

DPW

Department of Public Works

DoT

Department of Transport

DoTP

department of the Premier

DPAC

Department Project Allocation Committee

DPLG

Department of Provincial and Local Government

DPSA

Department of Public Service and Administration

DPW

Department of Public Works

DRDLR

Department of Rural Development and Land Reform

DS

Desired State

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

DTC

Departmental Training Committee

DTPW

Department of Transport and Public Works

DVD

Digital Video Disk

DWA

Department of Water Affairs

DWAF

Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

DWS

Department of Water & Sanitation (current 2015)

ECA

Environmental Conservation Act 73 of 1989

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EM

Environmental Monitors

EMC

Ecological Management Class

EMF

Environmental Management Framework

EMI

Environmental Management Inspector

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

EMZ

Environmental Management Zone

EN

Endangered

EPA

Economic Participation Agreement

ER

Ecological Reserve

ESA

Ecological Support Area

EPIP

Environmental Protection and Infrastructure Programme

EPWP

Expanded Public Works Programme

ES

Ecosystem Services

EWR

Ecological Water Requirement

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organisation

FEPA

Freshwater Ecosystem Priority Area

FPA

Fire Protection Association

FES

Forestry Economic Services

GAAP

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

GCC

General Conditions of Contract

GDARD

Gauteng Department of Agriculture and Rural Development

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GDP-R

Gross Domestic Product by Region

GDS- iKapa Elihlumayo

Growth Development Strategy - 'a home for all'

GEF

United Nations Development Program: Global Environment Facility

CEPF

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund

GIS

Geographic Information Systems

GlobalG.A.P.

Global Good Agricultural Practices

GLTFCA

Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area

GLTP

Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park

GNP

Gonarezhou National Park

GMO

Genetically Modified Organism

GOPC

Governance and Operational Policy Committee

GRAII

Groundwater Resource Assessment Study

GRAP

Generally Recognised Accounting Practice

GRU

Game Reserves United

GSP

General System of Preferences

GVA

Gross Value Added

GWP

Global Water Partnership

HAT

Working on fire: High Altitude Teams

HDI/HDIs

Historically Disadvantaged Individual(s)

HOD

Head of Department

HR

Human Resources

HRA

Heritage Resources Act

HRD

Human Resource Development

HSRC

Human Sciences Research Centre

IAS

Invasive Alien Species

IAP

Invasive Alien Plants

I&Aps

Interested and affected parties

IBCF

Integrated Biodiversity Conservation Framework

IBSA

India, Brazil and South Africa co-operation

ICT/ICTs

Information Communication Technology(s)

ICM

Integrated Catchment Management

IDC

Industrial Development Corporation

IDIP

Infrastructure Delivery Improvement Programme

IFR

Instream Flow Requirement

IUCMA

Inkomati Usuthu Catchment Management Agency

IDP(s)

Integrated Development Plan(s)

IHHSD

Integrated Housing and Human Settlement Development Grant

IGP

Infrastructure Grants to Provinces

IGR

Intergovernmental Relations

iKapa GDS

Provincial Growth and Development Strategy

IMP

Integrated Management Plan

IP

Integrated Planning

IP&Aps

Integrated Pollution and Water Management

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISDM

Integrated Service Delivery Model

ISDP

Integrated Service Delivery Plan

ISHS

Integrated Sustainable Human Settlements

ISO

International Standadisation Organisation

ISP

Internal Strategic Perspective

ISRD

Integrated Sustainable Rural Development

ISRDP

Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Programme

IT

Information Technology

ITCAL

Intergovernmental Tecnical Committee for Agriculture and Land

ITIL

Information Technology Infrastructure Library

IUCN

The World Conservation Union[International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources]

IWQMS

Integrated Water Quality Management System

IWRM

Integrated Water Resource Management

IYM

In-year monitoring

JMC

Joint Management Committee

K2C

Kruger to Canyons

K2C NCU

Kruger to Canyons Network Coordinating Unit

KAP

Knowledge, attitude, practices

kbps

Kilobits per second

KIMS

Knowledge and Information Management Systems

KKK

Klein Karoo Koƶperasie

KMO

Key Measurable Objective

KNP

Kruger National Park

KPIs

Key Performance Indicators / Key Personnel Interviews

LAN

Local Area Network

LED

Local Economic Development

LEDET

Limpopo Economic Development, Environment and Tourism

LG MTEC

Local Government MTEC

LH

Livelihoods

LM

Local Municipulity

LMIS

Logistical Information System

LOCORES

Lowveld Coordinated Research Forum

LOGIS

Logistical Information System

LT

Least Threatened

LUMB

Land Use Management Bill

LUMS

Land Use Management System

MA

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

MAB

Man and Biosphere

M&E

Monitoring and Evaluation

MAP

Mean Annual Precipitation

MAR

Mean Annual Runoff

MDG

Millennium Development Goal

MEC

Member of the Executive Council

MEDS

Micro-Economic Development Strategy

METT

Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool

MinMEC

Meeting of the National Minister and nine provincial MECs (see NIFAL)

MoA

Memorandum of Agreement

MoU

Memorandum of Understanding

MBCP

Mpumalanga Biodiversity Conservation Plan

MDEDET

Mpumalanga Department of Economic Development, Environment and Tourism

MFMA

Municipal Finance Management Act

MPA

Marine Protected Area

MPB

Mpumalanga Parks Board

MTEC

Medium Term Expenditure Committee

MTEF

Medium Term expenditure Framework

MTPA

Mpumalanga Tourism & Parks Agency

MTSF

Medium Term Strategic Framework

Nafu

National African Farmers' Union

NAETF

National Agricultural Education and Training Forum

NAFCOC

National African Federated Chamber of Commerce and Industry

NBA

National Biodiversity Assessment

NBF

National Biodiversity Framework

NBSAP

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

NCOP

National Council of Provinces

NDA

National Department of Agriculture

NEDLAC

National Economic Development and Labour Council

NEMA

National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998, as amended

NEMBA

National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act

NEMPA

National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa's Development

NFA

National Forests Act

NFEPA

National Freshwater Ecosystem Priority Areas

NFSD

National Framework for Sustainable Development

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

NMIR

National Minimum Information Requirements

NMTIP

National medium-term investment programme

NP

National Park

NPC

Non-Profit Company

NPAES

National Protected Area Expansion Strategy

NPO

Non Profit Organisation

NR

Nature Reserve

NRM

Natural Resources Management

NRMP

Natural Resource Management Programme/Plan

NRW

Non Revenue Water

NSBA

National Spatial Biodiversity Assessment

NSDF

National Spatial Development Framework

NSDP

National Spatial Development Perspective

NSoER

National State of Environment Report

NSSD

National Strategy for Sustainable Development

NWA

National Water Act

NWC/WDMS

National Water Conservation and Water Demand Management Strategy

NWCSF

National Water Conservation Strategic Framework

NWRS

National Water Resource Strategy

NYS

National Youth Service

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OLEMF

Olifants and Letaba Environmental Management Framework

OLLI

Olifants. Luvuvhu, Letaba, Inkomati

OMPA

Offshore Marine Protected Area project

ORC

Olifants River Catchment

ORF

Olifants River Forum

PA

Protected Area

PABX

Private Automatic Branch Exchange

PAFTECH

Technical Provincial Advisory Forum

PBO

Public Benefit Organisation

PCF

Premier's Co-ordinating Forum

PDC

Provincial Development Council

PDI

Previously disadvantaged individual

PEM

Project Evaluation Meeting

PEO

Provincial Executive Officer

PER & O

Provincial Economic Review and Outlook

PES

Present Ecological State/Payments for Ecosystem Services/Provincial Equitable Share

PF

Provincial Forum

PFMA

Public Finance Management Act

PGC

Provincial Grants Committee

PGD

Partnership for Growth and Development

PGDP

Provincial Growth and Development Plans

PGDS

Provincial Growth and Development Strategy

PGWC

Provincial Government of the Western Cape

PHP

People Housing Programme

PLAAS

Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies-www.plaas.org.za

PLC

Provincial Liaison Committee

PMT

Project Management Team

PMU

Project Management Unit

PNR

Private Nature Reserve

PoA

Plan of Action

PP

Public Protector

P-P

Public - Private

PPI

Production Price Index

PPP

Public-Private Partnerships

PPPFA

Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act, Act 5 of 2000

PRF

Provincial Revenue Fund

ProvAdmin

Provincial Administration

PSDF

Provincial Spatial Development Framework

PSR

Public Service Regulations

PT

Provincial Treasury

PTM

Provincial Top Management

QIDS-UP

Quality Improvement, Development, Support and Upliftment Programme

QPR

Quarterly Performance Report

QRM

Quarterly Review Meeting

R&D

Research and Development

RAMP

Repairs and maintenance programme

RDL

Red Data List

RDP

Recontruction and Development Programme

REAF

Rural Economic Assistant Fund

REC

Recommended Ecological Category

RED

Real Enterprise Development

RESILIM

Resilience in the Limpopo River Basin Program

RFP

Request for Proposal

RHP

River Health Programme

RISDP

> Regional Indicative Strategic Development Programme

RQO

Resource Quality Objective

RSDF

Regional Spatial Development Framework

SA

South Africa

SACOB

South African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (now SACCI)

SACU

Southern African Customs Union

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SADC

minus SACU, Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania

SAEON

South African Environmental Observatory Network

SA GAAP

Statements of Generally Accepted Accountancy Practice in South Africa

SAIAB

South African Institute for Aquatic Biology

SALGA

South African Local Government Association

SALMOD

Salinity Model for Water Quality

SAM

Social Accounting Matrix

SANAP

South African National Antarctic Programme

SANBI

South African National Biodiversity Institute

SANCOR

South African Network for Coastal and Oceanic Research

SANParks

South African National Parks

SANS

South African National Standard

SANS

document South African National Standard Document

SAPS

South African Police Service

SAQA

South African Qualification Authority

SARB

South African Reserve Bank

SARS

South African Revenue Services

SASCO

South African Students' Congress

SCM

Supply Chain Management

SCOA

Standards Chart of Accounts

SCOPA

Standing Committee on Public Accounts

SCPE

Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism

SDF(s)

Spatial Development Framework(s)

SDI

Service Delivery Improvement

SEA

Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEDA

Small Enterprise Development Agency

SES

Social-Ecological System (also/previously Socio-Ecological System)

SEMP

Strategic Environmental Management Plan

SEP-LG

Socio-Economic profiles of Local Government

SETA

Sector Education Training Authority

SFRA

Streamflow Reduction Activity/Streamflow Reduction Activities

SGBs

School Governing Bodies

SH

Stakeholder(s)

SIP

Strategic Infrastructure Plan

SIS

Settlement and Implementation Support Strategy

SITA

State Information Technology Agency

SKEP

Succulent Karoo Ecosystem Programme

SKOOR

Staande Komitee op Openbare Rekeninge

SLA

Service Level Agreement

SMME

Small, medium and micro-enterprise

SMS

Senior Management Service

SOE(s)

State Owned Enterprise(s)

SOER

State of Environment Report

SONA

State of the Nation Address

SOP

Standard operating procedure

SOPA

State of the Province Address

SPATSIM

Spatial Simulation Framework of models

SQR

Status Quo Report

SRP

Social Responsibility Program

StanSA

Standards South Africa

Stats

SA Statistics South Africa

STB

State Tender Board

STC

Science and Technology Committee

STEP

Subtropical Thicket Ecosystem Planning/programme

TP

Social Transformation Programme

SUAR

Sustainable Utilisation of Agricultural Resources Bill

TB

Tuberculosis

TEEB

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity

TBT

Trade Barrier to Trade Agreement of the WTO

TCF

Technical Committee on Finance

TDCA

Trade and Development Cooperation Agreement

TDS

Total Dissolved Salts

TE

Tertiary Education

TFCA

Transfrontier Conservation Area

TIDCA

Trade, Investment and Development Cooperation Agreement

TIPS

Tradeand Industry Police Service

ToR

Terms of Reference

TRIPS

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UCT

University of Cape Town

UISP

Informal Settlement Programme

UK

United Kingdom

UN

United Nations

URP

Urban Renewal Programme

URS

User Requirement Statement

USA

United States of America

USAID

US Agency for International Development

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

UTF

Unilateral Trust Fund

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNESCO

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

USG

United States Governement

VSTEEP

Values, Social, Technical, Ecological, Economic, Political

VU

Vulnerable

WARD

Women in Agriculture and Rural Development

WC

Water Conservation/Western Cape

WCS

Wildlife Conservation Society

WCNCB

Western Cape Nature Conservation Board

WCWDM

Water Conservation and Water Demand Management

WDM

Water Demand Management

WECCO

Western Cape Clean-up Operation

WESGRO

Western Cape Investment and Trade Promotion Industry

WESSA

Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa

WfW

Working for Water

WHP

Withholding period

WIC

Wine Industry Council

WISA

Water Institute of South Africa

WMA

Water Management Area

WoF

Working on Fire

WQ

Water Quality

WQS

Sulphate version of the WQT model

WQT

Water Quality Model

WRC

Water Research Commission

WRF

Wits Rural Facility

WUA

Water Use Association

WUL

Water Use licence

WR90

Water Resources of South Africa (1990) study

WR2005

Integrated Water Resources of South Africa 2005 study

WRIMS

Water Resources Information System

WRSM2000

Water Resources Simulation Model 2000

WRYM

Water Resources Yield Model

WSA

Water Services Authorities

WSA

Water Science Authority

WSDP

Water Services Development Plan

WSI

Water Services Institution

WSP

Water Science Provider

WTO

World Trade Organisation

WUE

Water Use Efficiency

WWF-SA

World Wide Fund for Nature, South Africa

WWTG

World Wine Trade Group

YARD

Youth in Agriculture and Rural Development

YWP

Young Water Professionals

4x4

Meeting: National Treasury/National Agriculture/Provincial Departments

10x10

Meeting: PDA's and National Agriculture

GLOSSARY

Consumptive use:

"Consumptive use" of water refers to the water that is utilised by businesses in closed processes that do not generate wastewater and that effectively remove that water from the water cycle. A bottling plant is an example of a business that has closed processes in which large volumes of consumptive use occur.

Demand-side management:

Any measure or initiative that will result in the reduction of the expected water usage or water demand.

Departmental:

Refers to the Department of Water and Sanitation of South Africa.

Distribution management:

Any function relating to the management, maintenance and operation of any system of structures, pipes, valves, pumps, meters or other associated equipment, including all mains, connection pipes and water installations that are used or intended to be used in connection with the supply of water.

Inefficient use of water:

Water used for a specific purpose over and above the accepted and available best practices and benchmarks, or water used for a purpose where very little benefit is derived from it.

Integrated Water Resource Management:

This process determines the optimal way of providing water services by analysing the change in water demand and operation of water institutions and evaluating a variety of supplyside and demand-side management measures.

Non-consumptive use:

A term used to describe the water that is utilised by businesses in open processes that generate wastewater and which can be recycled or discharged back into the water cycle for use by other users. It should be noted that many open processes are not efficient and that they often contain an element of consumptive use. Cooling is an example of an open process that can consume significant quantities of water, but which also discharges water.

Reserve:

The Reserve consists of two parts: the basic human needs reserve and the ecological reserve. The basic human need reserve provides for the essential needs of individuals served by the water resource in question and includes water for drinking, food preparation and personal hygiene. The ecological reserve relates to the water required to protect aquatic ecosystems of the water resource. The Reserve refers to the quantity and quality of the water in the resource, and will vary depending on the class of that resource.

Retro-fitting:

The modification, adaptation or replacement of an existing device, fitting or appliance.

Supply-side management:

Any measure or initiative that will increase the capacity of a water resource or water supply system to supply water.

Unaccounted-for water:

The difference between the measured volume of water put into the supply and distribution system and the total volume of water measured to authorised consumers whose fixed property address appears on the official list of water services authorities.

Water Institutions:

Water institutions include both Water Management Institutions and Water Services Institutions as defined in the National Water Act and the Water Services Act respectively.

Water Wastage:

Water lost through leaks or water usage that does not result in any direct benefit to a consumer or user.

Water Conservation:

The minimisation of loss or waste, the care and protection of water resources and the efficient and effective use of water.

Water Demand Management:

The adaptation and implementation of a strategy by a water institution or consumer to influence the water demand and usage of water in order to meet any of the following objectives: economic efficiency, social development, social equity, environmental protection, sustainability of water supply and services and political acceptability